LINKI - po angielsku


Maria Curie Sklodowska University in Poland Proves Homeopathy Works

Influence of very low doses of mediators on fungal laccase activity – nonlinearity beyond imagination. Malarczyk E, Kochmanska-Rdest J, Jarosz-Wilkolazka A. Biochemistry Department, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland. Nonlinear Biomed Phys. 2009 Sep 4;3(1):10.




Dr Nancy Malik work :

Scientific research in homeopathy



11 Meta Analysis and 7 Systematic Reviews in Evidence of Homeopathy

Meta Analyses, Cochrane Review, Randomised Controlled Trial

Upto the end of year 2011, there have been 11 meta-analysis (1 on in vitro study, 1 on combination remedy) published in 10 medical journals (7 integrative, 1 homeopathy and 2 CAM journals). Out of 11 meta analysis, 5 are comprehensive/global, 5 on specific medical condition and 1 on super-avogadro dilution effect. Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 8 systematic reviews (1 on combination remedy) including 1 cochrane review (out of approximately 20 systematic reviews published) published in 5 medical journals (1 integrative, 1 homeopathy and 3 CAM journals) in evidence of homeopathy.

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Scientific Research in Homeopathy

Triple Blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial, Systematic Reviews and Meta Analysis, Evidence-base, Body of Evidence

Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 299 studies published in 114 medical journals (92 integrative, 9 homeopathy and 13 CAM journals) including 11 meta-analysis, 8 systematic reviews including 1 cochrane review (out of approximately 20 systematic reviews published) and 81 RCT (68 DBRPCT + 2 SBRPCT + 6 DBRCT + 1 RPCT + 4 RCT) out of approx 225 RCT published) in evidence of homoeopathy to produce significant to substantial health benefits in a wide array of health conditions.

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Research Database in Homeopathy

summary of research and totality of evidence for homoeopathy

Evidence of homeopathy is undeniably positive and consistent. It’s a human evidence of experience, gathered from a real-world observation in a real-world setting (not in an ideal artificial laboratory test conditions) giving real-world solutions. The evidence of homeopathy (best research practices and scientific publications) should be made available to the health professionals, medical doctors, clinicians, scientists, organisations, patients and to the general public.

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Applied Research in Specific Medical Conditions

Evidence-based Homeopathy for 33 disease conditions

Only those medical conditions are considered for which there are 2 or more than 2 statistically significant human studies published in peer-reviewed journals upto the end of year 2010. There are 33 such health conditions. The compendium is prepared by mining 14 online electronic databases.

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Research Models in Homeopathy

Basophil Degranulation Model, Quantum Macro Entanglement Model, Protocols

Experimental Model, Biological Model, Pharmacological Model, Pre-and post-conditioning Hormesis Model, Cytometric Protocols, Research Design
Key Persons: Jacques Benveniste, Philippe Belon, van Wijk R, Walach H
Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 22 studies on research models in homeopathy published in 12 medical journals (6 integrative, 2 homeopathy and 4 CAM journals). These 22 studies on research models are part of the total 299 human studies in evidence of homeopathy upto the end of 2010.

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11 Research Studies in support of Nosodes

Oscillococcus, Influenzinum, Psorinum, Carcinosinum, Tuberculinum, Bacillinum, Pneumococcus, Streptococcus, Leptospira

The term nosode was introduced by Hering. The first nosode psorinum was introduced in 1828. Nosodes constitutes less than 4% of all homeopathic medicines listed in homeopathic pharmacopoeia. Nosodes are not a routine prescription (prescribed infrequently) and are generally prescribed in chronic conditions in 200c potency and above. Use of nosodes and sarcodes in the treatment of disease conditions is known as biotherapy or immunotherapy or organopathy. Upto the end of 2012, there have been 11 research (human) studies including 4 DBRPCT published in 6 peer-reviewed journals (2 integrative, 2 homeopathy and 2 CAM journals) in evidence of 9 nosodes.

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53 Research Papers on Combination Homeopathic Remedies

Traumeel, Sinfrontal, Zeel, Tonsilotrena, Spiroflor, Viburcol, Canova..

Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 53 studies published in 36 peer-reviewed medical journals (29 integrative, 1 homeopathy and 6 CAM journals) including 1 meta-analysis, 1 systematic review and 23 DBRPCT in evidence of combination remedies in homeopathy. These 53 studies on combination remedies are part of the total 299 human studies in evidence of homeopathy upto the end of 2010.

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How do super-Avogadro dilutions in Homeopathy work?

Scientific plausible mechanism of biological action and pathways of 'potentised high dilutions'

How ‘super-avogadro dilutions’ in homeopathy stimulate the biological activity (immunological and inflammatory reactivity) and pathways (supra-cellular and sub-cellular), and restore the homeostatic mechanism?
Memory of Unique Water structure, Potentisation, Quantum Macro Entanglement Model, Corporeal Signifiers
Keywords: Quantum Coherance Domains, nanostructures, nanotechnology, Properties & Structure of Water, supramolecular
Key Persons: G.O. Barnard, Jacques Benveniste, G S Anagnostatos, Elia Vittorio, Rustom Roy, Harald Walach, Luc Montagnier, Prashant S Chikramane, Wolfgang Ludwig

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Science-based Pharmacy

Pharmacopeia, Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Pharmacodynamics, Pharmacognosy

The word “pharmakon” translated as ‘drug’ and meaning both ‘remedy’ and ‘poison’. Pharmacopoeia is an official book published by the government containing list of medicines with information about sources, description, identification, preparation and standardisation. Pharma-co-logy is a branch of medicine that encompasses drug interaction, toxicology, pharma-co-dynamics and pharma-co-kinetics. Pharmacodynamics is the study of drug action (biochemical) on living organism. Homeopathic medicines are prepared through a specific nanopharmacological process of potentisation. Pharmacy is the art and science of preparation and standardisation of drugs for use and dispensing them as medicines. Pharma-co-gnosy is the study of physical,chemical,biological and biochemical properties of drugs of natural origin. A pharmacist/chemist dispenses medicines in a pharmacy shop.

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Basic Principles of Homeopathy Explained

Health, Medicine, Laws, Principles and Axioms, Concepts, Theory, Facts and Figures, Issues

Definition of Health, Disease & Cure, Preventive Medicine
Keywords: Science, Homeopath, Homeopathic
Key Persons: Samuel Hahnemann, Rudolf Arndt, John Henry Allen, Carl Gottlob Caspari, Bonninghausen, Hering, Johann Jacob Reuter, Benoit Mure

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Worldwide Status and Growth of Homeopathy

World Health Organisation, Development, Global Scenario, Time-Line, Popularity

Status of homeopathy in Europe, America, Asia, Australia, Middle East, Africa
UK, France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Ireland, USA, Canada, Brazil, Columbia, Argentina, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, New Zealand, Israel

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25 FAQ&A on Homeopathy

25 most Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Classical homoeopathy, constitutional medicine, Preventive Medicine, Sources of Homeopathic remedies, What medical conditions homeopathy treat?, Role of Symptoms, Homeopathic Consultation, Why patients choose homeopathy over conmed?, Limitations
Keywords: Science, Health, Homeopath, holistic, pharmacy
Key Persons: Samuel Hahnemann, Clemens von Boenninghausen, Hering, Count Korsakoff

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E-Newspapers, E-Newsletters and Mobile Apps on Homeopathy

11 e-newspapers, 7 e-newsletters, 1 e-magazine, 13 Android Apps, 3 Apple iPhone Apps

Read 11 e-newspapers on homeopathy online or take out a free subscription. You will receive the newspaper in your e-mail inbox daily. You can unsubscribe any time from within your inbox. You can also subscribe to7 e-newsletters and 1 e-magazine on homeopathy.

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Integrative Medicine for Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Differential Diagnosis, Causes, Cure

Integrative Medicine: Homeopathy, ConMed, Dietary Supplements, Ayurveda, Unani
No Medicine: Naturopathy, Home Remedies, Yog-asana

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 In vitro Evidence of Homeopathy

In vitro studies are those that are conducted on components (instead of whole) isolated from a living organism such as organs, cells, components of cells such as ribosomes or mitochondria, extracts of cells such as reticulocyte or cell molecules such as acids or proteins. Vitro means glass. The invitro studies are conducted in test tubes and culture dish.

Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 28 in-vitro studies published in 19 medical journals in evidence of homeopathy. These 28 in-vitro studies are part of the total 300 studies in evidence of homeopathy till 2010.

1. 28 studies does not include studies on benefits of homeopathy on plants and animals.
2. 28 studies does not include ‘positive but ‘statistically non-significant’ studies.
3. 19 journals comprises of 14 integrative, 1 homeopathy and 4 CAM journals.
4. All journals beyond the year 1893 are peer-reviewed.
5. URL Links to all 28 studies (Journal-wise) including 15 FULL TEXT PDF papers are available as compendium on this webpage as well as read at or downloaded from Google Drive

The compendium is prepared by mining 7 online databases: PubMed Central (National Library of medicine, USA), MedWormBritish library Direct (type homeopathy in search box), Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (type homeopathy in search box), ScirusGoogle Scholar and HomBRex


1. Nonlinear Biomedical Physics

Influence of diluted mediators on fungal laccase activity (2009) FULL TEXT // bi-phase action, in vitro & in vivo

2. International Journal of Oncology
Ruta 6 induces cell deaths in brain cancer cells: A novel treatment for human brain cancer (2003) FULL TEXT // in vitro and in vivo

Cytotoxic effects of ultra-diluted remedies on breast cancer cells (2010) FULL TEXT // Carcinosin 30c, Phytolacca Decandra 200c, Conium 3c and Thuja 30c for breast cancer

3. Experimental Biology and Medicine

Anti-cancer activity of Gelsimium 2-4c (2008) FULL TEXT

4.  Innovation et technologie en biologie et médecine (French) (meaning) Innovation and Technology in Biology and Medicine

Effect of Apis mellifica on the in vitro human basophil degranulation (1986)  // incubation of basophils with high dilutions of Apis mellifica inhibits allergen-induced basophil degranulation

5. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

In vitro immunological degranulation of human basophils is modulated by Lung histamine 5c,15c,18c and Apis mellifica 9c,10c (1988) FULL TEXT  //blind experiment

6. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Gripp-Heel (Aconitum 4X, Bryonia 3X, Eupatorium 2X, Lachesis 11X, Phosphorous 4X) for respiratory viral infections (2007) FULL TEXT

7 Ultrastructural Pathology (Informa) (2008) FULL TEXT // combination remedy

8. Genetics and Molecular Research FULL TEXT (2003) // combination remedy

9. Clinical and Developmental Immunology (Taylor and Francis)

Traummel S activates immunocytes (2004) FULL TEXT // combination remedy

10. Arzneimittel-Forschung

Antioxidative, antiproliferative and biochemical effects of Hepeel (Carduus marianus, Cinchona, Lycopodium, Nux moschata, Colocynthis D6, Veratrum album D6, Chelidonium, Phosphorus D6) in HepG2 cells (2003) // combination remedy

Homeopathic medicines in 1X to 30X potencies enhanced the phagocytic activity of granulocytes (1986) // in vitro & in vivo

11. Journal of Crystal Growth

Berberis vulgaris Q. Dioscorea Q. and Calcarea carb 200 for dissolution of gallbladder stone (2005)

12. Inflammation Research

Zeel comp. N (Arnica montana, Sanguinaria canadensis and Rhus toxicodendron) inhibits the production of Leukotriene B4; Solanum dulcamara Q inhibits the production of Prostaglandin E2 (2004) FULL TEXT // anti-inflammatory, single as well as combination remedy

13. Integrative Cancer Therapies

Effect of Sabal serrulata on prostate cancer growth (2006)

14. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Hepeel prevented cadmium chloride-induced cell death in liver cells (2009) // China Q and Nux moschata Q protected against loss of glutathione and lipid peroxidation. Carduus marianus Q demonstrated anti-apoptotic effects, single & in combination


1. Homeopathy

Histamine 3-20x inhibits basophil activation (2003) FULL TEXT (2009), combination remedy

Canovas as Immunomodulator (2009) FULL TEXT // review article

Rhus Tox 6c, 30c, 200c, 1M stimulates phagocytosis, candidacidal activity and chemotaxis of poly-morpho-nuclear cells (2009)

2. British Homoeopathic Journal

Belladonna, Hepar sulphur, Pyrogenium, Silicea and Staphylococcin in Mother Tincture modifies the white blood cell movement (1982)

Managanum phosphoricum 6x, Acidum malicum 4x and Acidum fumaricum 4x  regulate the oxidative metabolism and adhesion function of human neutrophils (1993)


1. Complementary Therapies in Medicine

The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies—A systematic review (2007) FULL TEXT // 73% of 67 in-vitro experiments published in 75 publications showed specific effects with high dilutions including 68% of high quality experiments

2. Forschende Komplementärmedizin (German) meaning Research in Complimentary Medicine

Histamine 11c,12c inhibits basophil activation (2003)

3. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Immune-modulatory effects of Phase 6 and Flu Terminator (2007)  // elicts human immune response. Phase 6 and flu terminator are complex remedies

Cadmium 15c-20c exhibit a biologic effect on cell cultures of normal primary lymphocytes (2006)

4. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde (German ) meaning Research in Complementary and Classical Natural Medicine

Euphorbium, Pulsitilla & Luffa for viral infection of respiratory tract, Influenza A virus & rhino virus (2001) FULLTEXT // Euphorbium Compositum compared to anti-viral drugs such as acyclovir, rabavirin and amatadine

Effect of homeopathic plant extract solutions on the cell proliferation of human cutaneous fibroblasts (2003)

  No. of studies No. of Journals Type of Journal
In vitro 16 15 Integrative
6 1 Homeopathy
6 4 CAM
28 19  

Studies Beyond year 2010

1. Homeopathy

Lymphocyte proliferation stimulated by activated Cebus apella macrophages treated with a complex homeopathic immune response modifiers (2012)

Mercurius solubilis: actions on macrophages (2011)

 Ultra high dilution of triiodothyronine modifies cellular apoptosis in Rana catesbeiana tadpole tail in vitro (2011)


Hpathy :


1. Scientific Evidence for Homeopathic Medicine


Although the below article is excellent, it is somewhat dated (it was written in 1995!). For a more up-to-date and comprehensive review of clinical research testing homeopathic medicines, we highly recommend that you purchase a one-time download or a 2-year subscription to a special e-book written by Dana Ullman, MPH Homeopathic Family Medicine

Most people with a little experience in homeopathy have no doubt that these medicines work, though inevitably they will have some family members, friends, neighbors, and physicians who will be skeptical about it. One way to deal with these people's skepticism is to become familiar with research on the efficacy of homeopathic medicines (see also Chapter 5 for a discussion on how to respond to skeptics' remarks; sorry, not online at present). There is actually considerably more laboratory and clinical research on homeopathic medicine than most people realize. That said, it must also be recognized that more research is certainly needed, not simply to answer the questions of skeptics but to help homeopaths optimize their use of these powerful natural medicines.

Some skeptics insist that research on homeopathy is mandatory since the exceptionally small doses used do not make sense and there is no known mechanism for action for these drugs. While it is true that homeopaths presently do not know precisely how the homeopathic microdoses work, there are some compelling theories about their mechanism of action (see the discussion in Chapter 1, "The Wisdom and Wonder of Small Doses"). More important, there is compelling evidence that they do work, as this chapter will show. And although homeopaths may not understand how their medicines work, keep in mind that leading contemporary pharmacologists readily acknowledge that there are many commonly prescribed drugs today, including aspirin and certain antibiotics, whose mechanism of action remains unknown, but this gap in knowledge has yet to stop physicians from prescribing them.

Many conventional physicians express doubt about the efficacy of homeopathy, asserting that they will "believe it when they see it." It may be more appropriate for them to acknowledge that they will "see it when they will believe it." This is not meant as a criticism of conventional physicians as much as of conventional medical thinking. The biomedical paradigm has narrowed the view of, the thinking about, and the practice of medicine to the treatment of specific disease entities with supposedly symptom-specific drugs and procedures. An integral aspect of this approach to medicine is the assumption that the larger the dose of a drug, the stronger will be its effects. While this seems to make sense on the surface, knowledgeable physicians and pharmacologists know that it isn't true. There is a recognized principle in pharmacology called the "biphasic response of drugs."1 Rather than a drug simply having increased effects as its dose becomes larger, research has consisently shown that exceedingly small doses of a substance will have the opposite effects of large doses.

The two phases of a drug's action (thus the name "biphasic") are dose-dependent. For instance, it is widely recognized that normal medical doses of atropine block the parasympathetic nerves, causing mucous membranes to dry up, while exceedingly small doses of atropine cause increased secretions to mucous membranes.

This pharmacological principle was concurrently discovered in the 1870s by two separate researchers, Hugo Schulz, a conventional scientist, and Rudolf Arndt, a psychiatrist and homeopath. Initially called the Arndt-Schulz law, this principle is still widely recognized, as witnessed by the fact that it is commonly listed in medical dictionaries under the definition of "law."

More specifically, these reseachers discovered that weak stimuli accelerate physiological activity, medium stimuli inhibit physiological activity, and strong stimuli halt physiological activity. For example, very weak concentations of iodine, bromine, mercuric chloride, and arsenious acid will stimulate yeast growth, medium doses of these substances will inhibit yeast growth, and large doses will kill the yeast.

In the 1920s, conventional scientists who tested and verified this biphasic response termed the phenomenon "hormesis," and dozens of studies were published in a wide variety of fields to confirm this biological principle.2

In the past two decades there has again been a resurgence of interest in this pharmacological law, and now hundreds of studies in numerous areas of scientific investigation have verified it.3 Because these studies have been performed by conventional scientists who are typically unfamiliar with homeopathic medicine, they have not tested or even considered testing the ultra-high dilutions commonly used in homeopathy. However, their research has consistently shown very significant effects from such small microdoses that even the researchers express confusion and surprise.

Reference to this research on the Arndt-Schulz law and hormesis is important for validating homeopathic research because it demonstrates the evidence for the important biphasic responses and microdose effects that lie at the heart of homeopathy. This research is readily available to physicians and scientists yet is often ignored or not understood.

The amount of research on homeopathic medicines is growing, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to ignore these studies, because they are now appearing in many of the most respected medical and scientific journals in the world. This chapter is not meant to be exhaustive (that would require a book or two of its own). It will include many of the best studies, most of which have been published in conventional medical and scientific journals. Some of the studies are discussed because of the impressive results they showed, and others are included for their implications for better understanding homeopathy and the healing process. The review of research is not simply to provide evidence of the efficacy of homeopathic medicine but also to enlighten readers on how to evaluate homeopathic research, whether positive or negative results are obtained.

To best understand the remaining part of this chapter, some definitions are helpful:

--Double-blind trials refer to experiments in which neither the experimenter nor the subjects know whether a specific treatment was prescribe or a placebo (a fake medicine that looks and tastes like real homeopathic medicines).

--Randomized trials are those in which subjects of an experiment are randomly placed either in treatment groups or in placebo groups. The researchers attempt to place people with similar characteristics in equal numbers in treatment and placebo groups.

--Crossover studies refer to experiments in which half of the subjects of a study are given a placebo during one phase of a study and then given the active treatment during the second phase, while the other half begin with the active treatment and then receive the placebo during the second phase. Crossover studies sometimes do not test a placebo and instead compare one type of treatment with another type of treatment.

Modern research is designed to evaluate the results of a therapy as compared to a placebo and/or another therapy. This type of study is valuable because many patients respond very well to placebos, and this "treatment" is so safe and inexpensive it is generally assumed that "real treatments" should have considerably better results than placebo medicine. One should note that placebo effects can be significant, and clinically, these effects can be very positive (some people think of them as a type of self-healing).

Double-blinding an experiment is important to research because experimenters tend to treat people who are getting the real treatment differently or better than those given a placebo, thus throwing off the results of the experiment. Research is randomized so that those people treated with the real medicine and those treated with the placebo are as similar as possible, making a comparison between real treatment and placebo treatment more accurate. Crossover studies allow researchers to compare the separate effects of a placebo and a treatment on all subjects in an experiment.

Statistics obviously are an important part of research. A treatment is thought to be considered better than a placebo if the results, according to statistical analysis, have no more than a 5% possibility of happening at random (the notation of this statistical probability is: P=.05). A study with a small number of patients (for example, 30 or less) must show a large difference between treatment and nontreatment groups for it to become statistically significant. A study with a large number of patients (for example, several hundred) needs to have only a small but consistent difference to obtain a similar statistical significance. This information is provided so that readers will know that all the studies described in this chapter are statistically significant, except when otherwise noted.

Clinical Research

People are often confused by research, not only because it can be overly technical but because some studies show that a therapy works and other studies shows that it doesn't. To solve this problem, a recent development in research is used, called a "meta-analysis," which is a systematic review of a body of research that evaluates the overall results of experiments.

In 1991, three professors of medicine from the Netherlands, none of them homeopaths, performed a meta-analysis of 25 years of clinical studies using homeopathic medicines and published their results in the British Medical Journal.4 This meta-analysis covered 107 controlled trials, of which 81 showed that homeopathic medicines were effective, 24 showed they were ineffective, and 2 were inconclusive.

The professors concluded, "The amount of positive results came as a surprise to us." Specifically, they found that:

  • 13 of 19 trials showed successful treatment of respiratory infections,
  • 6 of 7 trials showed positive results in treating other infections,
  • 5 of 7 trials showed improvement in diseases of the digestive system,
  • 5 of 5 showed successful treatment of hay fever,
  • 5 of 7 showed faster recovery after abdominal surgery,
  • 4 of 6 promoted healing in treating rheumatological disease,
  • 18 of 20 showed benefit in addressing pain or trauma,
  • 8 of 10 showed positive results in relieving mental or psychological problems, and
  • 13 of 15 showed benefit from miscellaneous diagnoses.

Despite the high percentage of studies that provided evidence of success with homeopathic medicine, most of these studies were flawed in some way or another. Still, the researchers found 22 high-caliber studies, 15 of which showed that homeopathic medicines were effective. Of further interest, they found that 11 of the best 15 studies showed efficacy of these natural medicines, suggesting that the better designed and performed the studies were, the higher the likelihood that the medicines were found to be effective. Although people unfamiliar with research may be surprised to learn that most of the studies on homeopathy were flawed in one significant way or another,5 research in conventional medicine during the past 25 years has had a similar percentage of flawed studies.

With this knowledge, the researchers of the meta-analysis on homeopathy concluded, "The evidence presented in this review would probably be sufficient for establishing homeopathy as a regular treatment for certain indications."

There are different types of homeopathic clinical research, some of which provide individualization of remedies; which is the hallmark of the homeopathic methodology; some of which give a commonly prescribed remedy to all people with a similar ailment, and some of which give a combination of homeopathic medicines to people with a similar condition. While one can perform good research using any of these methods, there are certain issues that researchers have to be aware of and sensitive to in order to obtain the best objective results.

For instance, if a study does not individualize a homeopathic medicine to people suffering from a specific ailment and the results of the study show that there was no difference between those given this remedy and those given a placebo, the study does not disprove homeopathy; it simply proves that this one remedy is not effective in treating every person suffering from that ailment, each of whom may have a unique pattern of symptoms that requires an individual prescription.

In describing specifics of the following studies using homeopathic medicines, differentiation has been made between studies that allowed for individualization of medicines and those that did not.

Clinical Research with Individualized Care

Some people incorrectly assume that research using homeopathic medicines is impossibly complicated because each medicine must be individualized to the patient. The following studies disprove this simplistic belief.

A recent clinical trial evaluating homeopathic medicine was a unique study of the treatment of asthma.6 Researchers at the University of Glasgow used conventional allergy testing to discover which substances these asthma patients were most allergic to. Once this was determined, the subjects were randomized into treatment and placebo groups. Those patients chosen for treatment were given the 30c potency of the substance to which they were most allergic (the most common substance was house dust mite). The researchers called this unique method of individualizing remedies "homeopathic immunotherapy" (homeopathic medicines are usually prescribed based on the patient's idiosyncratic symptoms, not on laboratory analysis or diagnostic categories). Subjects in this experiment were evaluated by both homeopathic and conventional physicians.

This study showed that 82% of the patients given a homeopathic medicine improved, while only 38% of patients given a placebo experienced a similar degree of relief. When asked if they felt the patient received the homeopathic medicine or the placebo, both the patients and the doctors tended to guess correctly.

The experiment was relatively small, with only 24 patients. As noted, for statistically significant results, small experiments must show a large difference between those treated with a medicine and those given a placebo. Such was the case in this study.

Along with this recent asthma study, the authors performed a meta-analysis, reviewing all the data from three studies they performed on allergic conditions, which totaled 202 subjects. The researchers found a similar pattern in the three studies. Improvement began within the first week and continued through to the end of the trial four weeks later. The results of this meta-analysis were so substantial (P=0.0004) that the authors concluded that either homeopathic medicines work or controlled clinical trials do not. Because modern science is based on controlled clinical trials, it is a more likely conclusion that homeopathic medicines are effective.

Another recent study, published in the American journal Pediatrics, tested homeopathic medicine for the treatment of a condition recognized to be the most serious public health problem today, childhood diarrhea.7 Over 5 million children die each year as the result of diarrhea, mostly in nonindustrialized countries. Conventional physicians prescribe oral rehydration therapy (ORT, a salt solution that helps children maintain fluid balance), but this treatment does not fight the infection that underlies the diarrhea.

Conducted in Nicaragua in association with the University of Washington and the University of Guadalajara, this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 81 children showed that an individually chosen remedy provided statistically significant improvement of the children's diarrhea as compared to those given a placebo. Children given the homeopathic remedy were cured of their infection 20% faster than those given a placebo, and the sicke children responded most dramatically to the homeopathic treatment. A total of 18 different remedies were used in this trial, individually chosen based on each child's symptoms.

A study of the homeopathic treatment of migraine headache was conducted in Italy.8 Sixty patients were randomized and entered into a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients regularly filled out a questionnaire on the frequency, intensity, and characteristics of their head pain. They were prescribed a single dose of a 30c remedy at four separate times over two-week intervals. Eight remedies were considered, and prescribers were allowed to use any two with a patient. While only 17% of patients given a placebo experienced relief of their migraine pain, an impressive 93% of patients given an individualized homeopathic medicine experienced good results.

A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed on 175 Dutch children suffering from recurrent upper respiratory tract infections.9 Children in the treatment group were prescribed a "constitutional medicine" for their overall health as well as acute medicines to treat the acute respiratory infections they developed. The study found that the children given homeopathic medicines had a 16% better daily symptom score than children given a placebo.

This study also found that the number of children given a placebo who had to undergo adenoidectomy was 24% higher than for the children given homeopathic remedies. A 54.8% reduction in the use of antibiotics in the children given homeopathic medicines was reported, while the children who received a placebo experienced a 37.7% reduction in antibiotic use. (This reduction in both groups was determined to be the result of the normal growth and development of the child, dietary changes° the study provided written nutritional advice to the parents° and the change in expectations as the result of being under medical care.)

The statistical possibility of these results happening by chance was 6% (P=0.06). Because statistical significance in science is recognized when there is a 5% or less chance of results happening at random, the researchers concluded that homeopathic medicine seem to add little to the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections. This more conservative conclusion appeared to be influenced by the fact that the authors sought and received publication of their study in the British Medical Journal. They should have more accurately said that homeopathic medicines provided benefit to children with upper respiratory infections, but there is a small chance (6%) that these good results happened at random.

Considering the closeness of these results to 5%, considering the other improvements in the homeopathic group's health, and considering the increasingly widespread desire to avoid antibiotics, it makes sense for physicians and parents to consider seeking homeopathic care for children's upper respiratory infections.

Another study that involved individualized homeopathic care was in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.10 The study involved 46 patients. Two homeopathic physicians prescribed individually chosen medicines to each patient, though only half of them were given the real remedy, while the other half were given a placebo. The study found that 82% of those given an individualized homeopathic remedy experienced some relief of symptoms, while 21% of those given a placebo experienced a similar degree of relief.

One other very interesting trial that utilized semi-individualization of care was in the treatment of primary fibromyalgia (also called fibrositis).11 Patients with fibrositis were admitted into a trial in which homeopathic physicians chose between three possible remedies, Arnica, Rhus tox, and Bryonia. Half of the patients were given one of these remedies, and the other half were given a placebo. There was no discernible difference between these groups. However, as an integral part of the experiment's design, a panel of homeopaths evaluated the accuracy of each prescription. This analysis found that those patients whom the panel considered to have received the correct remedy experienced a statistically significant improvement in symptoms as compared to those patients given the "incorrect" remedy or the placebo.

These same researchers next conducted a more sophisticated trial in the treatment of primary fibromyalgia.12 This double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial admitted only those patients who fit the symptoms of Rhus tox. The researchers found that this constituted 42% of the patients interviewed. One-half of these 30 patients were given Rhus tox 6c during the first phase of the experiment, while the other half were given a placebo. During the second phase, those patients initially given the medicine were given a placebo, and those patients initially given a placebo were now given the homeopathic remedy. Researchers determined at the beginning of the experiment that improvement in pain and sleeplessness were the outcome measures most important in evaluating the results of this trial, and the results showed that 25% more of the patients experienced pain relief when taking the homeopathic remedy compared to when they were given a placebo and almost twice as many had improved sleep when taking the remedy.

This type of crossover design is considered a sophisticated type of research because it compares each person when using a treatment with the same person when using a placebo. Most other research compares two supposedly similar groups of people, but researchers commonly acknowledge that it is difficult and perhaps impossible to get two exactly similar groups of people. The limitation of the crossover design for homeopathic treatment, however, is that most homeopathic medicines provide long-term benefits, so that once a person stops taking a homeopathic remedy he or she may still continue to improve, even in the placebo stage of the trial. Low-potency medicines, such as the 6c used in the above described experiment, generally have short-acting effects, while higher potency medicines generally have increasingly longer-term effects.

Clinical Research with Nonindividualized Care

In addition to the studies on homeopathy in which individualized remedies are prescribed, there is also a body of research testing single remedies to people given in a non-individualized manner. Such research is potentially problematic because homeopaths acknowledge that the remedies require some degree of individualization to be effective. The results of a nonindividualized study, either positive or negative, can be misunderstood by people who do not know basic principles of the homeopathic method.

One study using nonindividualized homeopathic treatment was sponsored by the British government during World War II and was conducted in 1941-42 on volunteers whose skin was burned with mustard gas.13 The study showed the efficacy of Mustard gas 30c as a preventive or Rhus tox 30c and Kali bichromicum 30c as therapy. The study was double-blind, placebo-controlled, and was conducted at two centers (London and Glasgow), both showing similarly positive results. A more recent analysis of the data further substantiated the statistical significance of this study.14

It should, however, be mentioned that the researchers also tested the efficacy of Opium 30c, Cantharis 30c, and Variolinium 30c, none of which provided any noticeable benefit. If this trial had tested only these medicines, the researchers might have concluded that homeopathic medicines were ineffective in treating mustard gas burns. Finding the correct remedy is the key to making homeopathy work.

Some skeptics and journalists inaccurately report that homeopathy is primarily used to treat minor health problems. Homeopaths today primarily treat various chronic ailments for which conventional medicine has not provided effective treatment. One example of a chronic and serious problem shown by a controlled study to be effective treated by homeopathy is diabetic retinitis15 (retinitis is a common complication of diabetes in which there is an inflammation of the retina causing impairment of sight, perversion of vision, swelling, discharge from the eye, and sometimes hemorrhages into the retina). This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study on 60 patients used Arnica 5c. The results of this study showed that 47% of patients given Arnica 5c experienced improvement in central blood flow to the eye, while only 1% of patients given the placebo experience this improvement. Further, 52% of patients given Arnica 5c experienced improvement in blood flow to other parts of the eye, while only 1.5% of those given the placebo experienced a similar degree of improvement.

The best-selling flu remedy in France is actually a homeopathic medicine. Anas barbariae 200c, commonly marketed under the trade name Oscillococcinum TM

Oscillococcinum is also popular in the U.S. and is effective primarily at the first signs of influenza. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study with 478 patients suffering from influenza was conducted, making this the largest trial yet performed testing a homeopathic medicine.16 This trial showed that almost twice as many people who took the homeopathic remedy got over the flu after 48 hours as compared to those given a placebo.

Although this remedy was found to work for all age groups, it was considerably more effective for people under 30 than for those over 30. However, it was not found to be effective when subjects had severe flu symptoms. In severe cases of the flu, a more individualized homeopathic remedy may be indicated.

In addition to various studies on human health, there have also been some animal studies. British researchers have conducted trials showing that homeopathic medicines, specifically Caulophyllum 30c, could lower the rate of stillbirths in pigs.17 Pigs given a placebo had 103 births and 27 stillbirths (20.8%), while those given Caulophyllum 30c had 104 births and 12 stillbirths (10.3%).

Not all studies show efficacy of homeopathic medicines, not because they don't work but mostly because the studies were poorly designed. One such study tested a single homeopathic medicine in the treatment of osteoarthritis.18 This study consisted of 36 patients, of whom one third were given Rhus tox 6c, one third were given a conventional drug (fenoprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug), and one third were given a placebo. Those patients given the conventional drug experienced some relief of symptoms, but those given the homeopathic remedy and the placebo had a similar lack of response to treatment. While some people would erronously conclude that homeopathic medicines are ineffective in the treatment of osteoarthritis, it would be more appropriate and accurate to conclude that Rhus tox 6c is an ineffective remedy when given without individualization to people with osteoarthritis.

One of the confounding variables from this trial was that 2 of the 12 patients given the homeopathic medicine were withdrawn from the trial because they experienced an aggravation of symptoms after taking the medicine. Because homeopathic medicines sometimes cause a temporary increase in chronic symptoms before significant improvement, it was disappointing that the researchers did not follow their status. Because this trial lasted only two weeks, it did not allow time for the homeopathic remedy to be adequately evaluated. If, for instance, these 2 patients experienced the significant relief that is common after an initial aggravation of symptoms, the results of the trial would have been different.

Further, it is unfair to compare a fast-acting conventional drug that has side effects with a slower acting homeopathic medicine that is considerably safer. Finally and of great significance is the fact that while Rhus tox is a common remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, it is less common for osteoarthritis.

Clinical Research with Homeopathic Combination Remedies

Homeopathic combination remedies are formulas in which several homeopathic substances are mixed together into one remedy. This untraditional approach to using homeopathic medicine is commercially popular in many countries. While these remedies are not thought by homeopaths to be as effective as individually chosen medicines, they do work and research has verified this. Yet, homeopaths consistently find that single homeopathic medicines have the potential to truly cure a person's disease, while combination medicines at best provide safe but temporary relief of symptoms.

The same researchers who conducted the study on asthma earlier described also performed a study on the treatment of hayfever.19 This double-blind, placebo-controlled study prescribed a 30c potency of a combination remedy made from 12 common pollens. The results showed that those subjects taking the homeopathic remedy had six times fewer symptoms than those given the placebo. Both groups of subjects were allowed to use an "escape" medicine (an antihistamine) if their remedy didn't work adequately. The study showed that homeopathic subjects needed this medicine half as often as did those given the placebo.

Another example of significant results from a homeopathic combination remedy was in the treatment of women during their ninth month of pregnancy.20 Ninety women were given the 5c potency of the following remedies: Caulophyllum, Arnica, Cimicifuga, Pulsatilla, and Gelsemium. They were given doses of this combination remedy twice daily during the ninth month. This double-blind, placebo-controlled study showed that women given the homeopathic medicines experienced a 40% (!) shorter labor than those given a placebo. Also, the women given the placebo had four times (!) as many complications of labor as those given the homeopathic medicines.

One of the limitations of research on combination remedies is that the results do not reveal whether the effective treatment came from one specific medicine or from the unique combination of remedies. A recent study of 22 healthy women in their first pregnancies tested Caulophyllum, one of the medicines used in the study cited above, which was administered in the 7c potency during the active phase of labor (one dose per hour repeated for a maximum of 4 hours). The time of labor for those women given the homeopathic medicine was 38% shorter than for women given a placebo.21 This trial was not double-blind; however, the researchers recently completed a double-blind trial and confirmed their earlier results.22

A popular homeopathic external application marketed as TraumeelTM has been studied for its efficacy in the treatment of sprained ankles.23 This combination of 14 remedies in 2x to 6x potencies was given to subjects with sprained ankles. After 10 days, 24 of the 33 patients who were given the homeopathic medicine were pain-free, while 13 of 36 patients given a placebo experienced a similar degree of relief. This same medicine was also used in the treatment of traumatic hemarthrosis (joint swelling) and was shown to significantly reduce healing time as compared to a placebo. Objective measurements of joint swelling and movement and evaluation of the synovial fluid at injury were assessed.24

A study of 61 patients with varicose veins was performed double-blind and placebo-controlled.25 Three doses of a popular German combination of eight homeopathic medicines were given daily for 24 days. Measures were venous filling time, leg volume, and subjective symptoms. The study found that venous filling time improved in those given the homeopathic medicines by 44%, while it deteriorated in the placebo group by 18%. Other measures also had significant differences.

In addition to the various clinical studies on humans, there has also been some research using homeopathic medicines to improve the health of animals. German researchers have shown that dairy cows given Sepia 200c experienced significantly fewer complications of birth than those given a placebo.26 Low-potency (1x to 6x) combinations of Lachesis, Pulsatilla, and Sabina, or Lachesis, Echinacea, and Pyrogenium, along with Caulophyllum given to pigs had preventive and therapeutic effects on infections (inflammation of the breasts and the uterus) as well as on diarrhea in the piglets.27

Not all clinical studies on homeopathic combination medicines find efficacy of treatment, but there are often important factors that explain the failure. A Canadian study on the treatment of plantar warts is one such example.28 This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 162 patients prescribed three medicines to each patient (Because the trial did not mix the remedies together, it is not completely accurate to call the use of these remedies a combination. It is more precise to consider it "polypharmacy," the use of several medicines). The remedies used were Thuja 30c, Antimonium crud 7c and Nitric acid 7c. Thuja was taken once a week, and the other two remedies were taken once a day. The trial lasted six weeks. The results showed that there was no noticeable difference between those subjects given the homeopathic medicines and those given a placebo.

Many homeopaths may be initially surprised at the result of this trial because they consider these remedies commonly effective in the treatment of warts. But while the remedies may be effective for treating warts, they are not necessarily effective for all types of warts or in all people. A recent study of homeopathic treatment for various types of warts found that 18 of 19 people with plantar warts were cured in, on average, 2.2 months.29 The most common remedy was Ruta, prescribed to 12 of the 19 patients. Thuja was prescribed for only 3 patients, and Antimonium crud was prescribed for 2 patients.

This study teaches us that individualization and the use of well-chosen remedies are necessary for most effective treatment.

One additional note about research using homeopathic combination medicines: The homeopathic literature refers to the fact that some remedies are antidoted by other remedies. While the medicines in the Canadian trial are not known to antidote each other, homeopaths acknowledge that our understanding of which remedies antidote each other is somewhat primitive (for a listing of which remedies antidote each other, see the appendix in Kent's Repertory or in the Indian edition of Boericke's Pocket Manual of Materia Medica with Repertory). Homeopathic research must, therefore, be aware of this possibility so that conclusions from research are not overstated.

Laboratory Research

As valuable as clinical studies are, laboratory research is able to show biological activity of homeopathic medicines that cannot be explained as a placebo response, a common accusation of skeptics. Laboratory research is also capable of shedding some light on how the homeopathic medicines may work.

Distinct from clinical research which seeks to measure improvement in the health of a person or an animal, laboratory research seeks to assess changes in biological systems (cells, tissues, organs, viruses, etc.). Typically, animal research can fit under either clinical or laboratory research, depending on the goal of the study. If the study seeks to test the efficacy of a treatment on the health of an animal, it can be considered an animal clinical study. If the study seeks to test the effects of a treatment on animals so that researchers can apply the information for human health or to understand biological phenomena, it can be considered a laboratory study.

Admittedly, while some of the animal studies discussed here are humane, others are not. Reference to these studies is not meant to suggest that this author condones all such research. Rather, discussion of these studies is intended to verify the benefits of homeopathic medicines, both to animals and to humans, and to encourage wider use of homeopathic remedies.

Some of this section is somewhat technical, though an effort has been made to describe the studies in a user-friendly manner.

Earlier in this chapter, reference was made to some important double-blind clinical research with homeopathic medicines conducted as far back as 1941. There were also some high-quality scientific laboratory studies investigating homeopathic microdoses as that time. One extensive and meticulously controlled study was performed in 1941-42 by a Scottish homeopath/scientist, W.E. Boyd.30 This work showed that microdoses of mercuric chloride had statistically significant effects of diastase activity (diastase is an enzyme produced during the germination of seeds). This research was so well designed and performed that an associate dean of an American medical school commented, "The precision of [Boyd's] technique exemplifies a scientific study at its highest level."31

There have been over 100 studies evaluating the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of homeopathic doses of normally toxic substances. A collaborative effort of scientists from German research institutions and from America's Walter Reed Hospital performed a meta-analysis of these studies.32 Like the meta-analysis described earlier on clinical trials using homeopathic medicines, most of the studies were flawed in some way. However, of the high quality studies, positive results were found 50% more often than negative results. What was particularly intriguing was that researchers who tested doses in the submolecular range (potencies greater than 24x) were found to have the best designed studies and more frequently found statisticially significant results from these microdoses. Specifically, several researchers gave, usually to rats, crude doses of arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, mercury chloride, or lead. The research showed that animals who were pretreated with homeopathic doses of these substances and then given repeated homeopathic doses after exposure to the crude substance, excreted more of these toxic substances through urine, feces, and sweat than did those animals given a placebo.

Several studies noted that pretreatment and treatment with potentized doses of substances different from those to which the animal was being exposed did not provide any benefit.

As horrible as this research may be for the animals tested, animal researchers claim that it can have considerable benefit for treating animals and humans exposed to toxic substances. Such studies cannot be performed humanely on human subjects, and because of the newness of the research, no computer models to simulate the effects of homeopathic medicines are presently possible. While public health measures must primarily focus on preventing exposure to toxic substances, medical treatment must be developed for healing if and when exposure takes place. The research suggests that homeopathic medicine may play a significant role in the treatment of toxicological exposure.

Homeopathic research has also explored the benefits of homeopathic medicines to protect against radiation.33 Albino mice were exposed to 100 to 200 rad of X-rays (sublethal doses) and then evaluated after 24, 48, and 72 hours. Ginseng 6x, 30x, and 200x and Ruta graveolens 30x and 200x were administered before and after exposure. When compared with mice given a placebo as treatment, mice given any of the above homeopathic medicines experienced significantly less chromosomal or cellular damage.

Albino guinea pigs were exposed to small doses of X-ray that cause reddening of the skin. Studies showed that Apis mellifica 7c or 9c had a protective effect and a roughly 50% curative effect on X-ray-induced redness of the skin.34 Apis mellifica (honeybee) is a homeopathic medicine for redness, swelling, and itching, common symptoms of bee venom.

In one very intriguing study, Thyroxine 30x (thyroid hormone) was placed in the water of tadpoles.35 When compared to tadpoles who were given a placebo, the study showed, morphogenesis of the tadpoles into frogs was slowed for those who were exposed to the homeopathic doses. Because thyroid hormone in crude doses is known to speed up morphogenesis, it makes sense from a homeopathic perspective that homeopathic doses would slow it down.

What makes this study more interesting is that additional investigations resulted in the same effect when a glass bottle of the homeopathic doses of thyroid hormone was simply suspended in the water with the lip of the bottle above the water line. This research was replicated at several laboratories, and results were consistent.

The implications of this study are somewhat significant, not only for verifying biological effects of homeopathic doses but for showing that these medicines have some type of radiational effect through glass. Some types of unconventional approaches to homeopathy have been developed over the past decades in which pupil reflex, pulse, muscle strength, and skin conductance have been changed as the result of simply holding on to a bottle of an individually indicated homeopathic medicine. While this approach may seem strange to classically oriented homeopaths, the above research provides some basis for its application.

One other interesting experiment dealing with water is worthy of mention. This study used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), also called magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to determine whether high potencies of homeopathic medicines placed in water had any measurable effects.36 Without getting into the details of this highly technical study, the researchers found that high potencies of Silicea did, in fact, show a distinct difference as compared with placebo-treated water.

There have been several studies investigating very high dilutions of histamine (above 30x) on isolated guinea pig hearts, showing that this remedy increases blood flow through the heart. What is particularly interesting about these studies was that this effect was completely neutralized if the very high dilutions were exposed to 70 degrees Centigrade for 30 minutes or exposed to magnetic fields of 50 Hz for 15 minutes.37 Needless to say, it is unlikely that these microdoses could have only a placebo effect when known physical stresses to the medicine can halt its activity.

A professor of hematology at the School of Pharmacy of Bordeaux has carried out eight years of research on the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (the active ingredient in aspirin) on blood.38 It is known that crude doses of aspirin cause increased bleeding, while this research showed that homeopathic doses of acetylsalicylic acid shorten bleeding time in healthy subjects.

Two Dutch professors of molecular cell biology recently completed a significant body of experimentation which not only provided evidence of the effects of homeopathic microdoses on cell cultures but that also suggested that these microdoses are only effective when homeopathy's principle of similars is followed.39 Specific reference to the body of studies cannot be provided in this chapter, both due to the space necessary to describe this work and due to its highly technical nature.

A now famous study by respected French physician and immunologist Jacques Benveniste tested highly diluted doses of an antibody on a type of white blood cells called basophils (basophils increase in number when exposed to substances such as antibodies which cause an allergic reaction). This work was replicated at six different laboratories at four different universities (the University of Paris South, the University of Toronto, Hebrew University, and the University of Milano). Although the prestigious journal Nature published this study,40 it also published concurrently an editorial stating that they did not believe the results.41 The editor insisted on going to the primary researcher's laboratory at the University of Paris South to observe the experiment conducted in his presence along with two known experts in scientific fraud (one of whom was a magician).

The details of what followed require more detail and technical information than is appropriate for this book. In summary, the experiment did not show significant results, leading the Nature editor to pronounce in his journal that the original study was a fraud.42 The problem, however, was that the editor and the fraud experts were not immunologists, and thus, they did not seem aware that many studies in immunology require considerably more replication than could be done in the couple of days that the Nature team visited.

Another problem was in the study itself, which was very difficult to do. The researchers later simplified it, provided even greater scientific controls, and found significant results. Nature, however, chose not to publish these results, and this study was published instead in the Journal of the French Academy of Sciences.43

Evidence of the bias that "defenders of science" have against homeopathy is their refusal to publish or even comment on the increasing body of research accruing to homeopathic medicine.

Science is supposed to be objective, though both physicists and psychologists teach us that objectivity is impossible. Science's long-term antagonism to homeopathy is slowly breaking down but not without significant reaction, fear, anxiety, and sometimes downright attack against homeopaths.

Change is difficult, and significant change is even more difficult. Even though science grows from new knowledge, it tends to be resistant, often very resistant, to perspectives and knowledge that do not fit contemporary paradigms and scientific theories. The information presented in this chapter and in this book is not meant to overthrow science but to enlarge its perspective so that it more broadly and accurately describes and accepts many presently unexplainable phenomena of nature.

In Summary

This review of research is not meant to be complete. Readers are encouraged to review the books listed in the Resources section of this chapter for access to many other clinical and laboratory studies as well as to theoretical foundations of homeopathic microdoses.

Despite the now strong evidence that homeopathic medicines promote biological activity and clinical efficacy, there is still great resistance to them. Recently, the Lancet published the research on the homeopathic treatment of asthma.44 In a press release announcing this research, they emphasized that although homeopathic medicines may provide some benefit to people with asthma, conventional medicines offer greater benefit.

This was a strange statement for two reasons. First, the study didn't compare homeopathic and conventional medicine; it only compared homeopathic medicine with a placebo. Any other conjecture was not founded on the data presented. Secondly, the Lancet refused to openly acknowledge that homeopathic medicines may work after all.

One can't help but wonder whether if a man flew and science proved that he flew, the editors of some medical journals would remark: "But he doesn't fly as high or as fast as a jet plane!"

Despite the resistance to change in general and to homeopathy specifically, it is getting increasingly difficult for physicians and scientists to doubt the benefits that homeopathic medicines offer. Italian hematologist Paolo Bellavite and Italian homeopath Andrea Signorini's Homeopathy: A Frontier in Medical Science is presently the most comprehensive resource of controlled studies on homeopathy. The authors conclude, "The sum of the clinical observations and experimental findings is beginning to prove so extensive and intrinsically consistent that it is no longer possible to dodge the issue by acting as if this body of evidence simply did not exist."45

They go on to say, "To reject everything en bloc, as many are tempted to do, means throwing out the observations along with the interpretations, an operation which may be the line of least resistance, but which is not scientific because unexplained observations have always been the main hive of ideas for research."

To ignore the body of experimental data that presently exists on homeopathic medicines and to deny the body of clinical experience of homeopaths and homeopathic patients, one would have to be virtually blind. One can only assume that this blindness is a temporary affliction, one that will soon be cured.


1A.R.D. Stebbing, "Hormesis: The Stimulation of Growth by Low Levels of Inhibitors," Science of the Total Environment, 1982, 22: 213-34. Also, Health Physics, May 1987. This entire issue was devoted to the increased effects of low doses.

2M. Oberbaum and J. Cambar, "Hormesis: Dose Dependent Reverse Effects of Low and Very Low Doses," in P.C. Endler and J. Schulte (eds.), Ultra High Dilutions, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1994. Stebbing, op. cit..

3Oberbaum and Cambar; Stebbing op. cit..; Health Physics op. cit..

4J. Kleijnen, P. Knipschild, G. ter Riet, "Clinical Trials of Homoeopathy," British Medical Journal, February 9, 1991, 302:316-323.

5Because much research on homeopathy has been performed by homeopaths who are primarily clinicians and are not adequately trained in research, they predictably committed errors in research design, analysis, and description of their studies.

6David Reilly, Morag Taylor, Neil Beattie, et al., "Is Evidence for Homoeopathy Reproducible?" Lancet, December 10, 1994, 344:1601-6.

7Jennifer Jacobs, L. Jimenez, Margarita, Stephen Gloyd, "Treatment of Acute Childhood Diarrhea with Homeopathic Medicine: A Randomized Clinical Trial in Nicaragua," Pediatrics, May 1994, 93,5:719-25.

8Bruno Brigo, and G. Serpelloni, "Homeopathic Treatment of Migraines: A Randomized Double-blind Controlled Study of 60 Cases," Berlin Journal on Research in Homeopathy, March 1991, 1,2:98-106.

9E. de Lange de Klerk, J. Blommers, D.J. Kuik, et al., "Effect of Homoeopathic Medicines on Daily Burden of Symptoms in Children with Recurrent Upper Respiratory Tract Infections," British Medical Journal, November 19, 1994, 309:1329-32.

10R.G. Gibson, S. Gibson, A.D. MacNeill, et al., "Homoeopathic Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Evaluation by Double-blind Clinical Therapeutic Trial," British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1980, 9:453-59.

11P. Fisher, "An Experimental Double-Blind Clinical Trial Method in Homoeopathy: Use of a Limited Range of Remedies to Treat Fibrositis," British Homoeopathic Journal, 1986, 75:142-47.

12P. Fisher, A. Greenwood, E.C. Huskisson, et al., "Effect of Homoeopathic Treatment on Fibrositis," British Medical Journal, August 5, 1989, 299:365-66.

13J. Paterson, "Report on Mustard Gas Experiments, Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy, 1944, 37:47-50, 88-92.

14R.M.M. Owen and G. Ives, "The Mustard Gas Experiments of the British Homeopathic Society: 1941-1942, Proceedings of the 35th International Homeopathic Congress, 1982, 258-59.

15D. Zicari, et al., "Valutazione dell'azione Angioprotettiva di Preparati di Arnica nel Trattamento della Retinpatia Diabetica," Bolletino de Oculistica, 1992, 5:841-848.

16J.P. Ferley, D. Zmirou, D. D'Admehar, et al., "A Controlled Evaluation of a Homoeopathic Preparation in the Treatment of Influenza-like Syndrome," British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, March 1989, 27:329-35.

17Christopher Day, "Control of Stillbirths in Pigs Using Homoeopathy," Veterinary Record, March 3, 1984, 114,9, 216. Also Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy, December 1986, 779, 4:146-47.

18M. Shipley, H. Berry, G. Broster, et al., "Controlled Trial of Homoeopathic Treatment of Osteoarthritis," Lancet, January 15, 1983, 97-98.

19David Reilly, Morag Taylor, C. McSharry, et al., "Is Homoeopathy a Placebo Response? Controlled Trial of Homoeopathic Potency, with Pollen in Hayfever as Model" Lancet, October 18, 1986, 881-86.

20P. Dorfman, M.N. Lasserre, M. and Tetau, "Preparation a l'accouchement par Homeopathie: Experimentation en double-insu versus Placebo," Cahiers de Biotherapie, April 1987, 94:77-81.

21P. Eid, E. Felisi, M. Sideri, "Applicability of Homoeopathic Caulophyllum thalictroides during Labour," British Homoeopathic Journal, 1993, 82:245.

22P. Eid, E. Felisi, M. Sideri, "Super-placebo ou action Pharmacologique? Une Etude en Double Aveugle, Randomisee avec un Remede Homeopathique (Caulophyllum thalictroides) dans le Travail de l'accouchement, Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the O.M.H.I. (Internatiional Organization for Homeopathic Medicine), Paris, October 20-23, 1994.

23J. Zell, W.D. Connert, J. Mau, et al., "Behandlung von akuten Sprung-gelenksdisotrionen: Doppelblindstudie zum Wirksamkeitsnachweis eines Homoopathischen Salbenpraparats," Fortschr. Medicine, 1988, 106:96-100.

24W. Thiel, and B. Borho, "Die Therapie von Frischen, Traumatischen Blutergussen der Kniegelnke (Hamartros) mit Traumeel N Injectionslogung," Biol. Medizin, 20:506.

25E. Ernst, T. Saradeth, K.L. Resch, "Complementary Treatment of Varicose Veins: A Randomised, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind Trial," Phlebology, 1990, 157-163.

26A.V. Williamson, W.L. Mackie, W.J. Crawford, et al., "A Study Using Sepia 200c given Prophylactically Postpartum to Prevent Anoestrus Problems in the Dairy Cow," British Homoeopathic Journal, 1991, 80:149. See also by the same researchers: "A Trial of Sepia 200," British Homoeopathic Journal, 1995, 84:14-20.

27G. Both, "Zur Prophylaxe und Therapie des Metritis-Mastitis-Agalactic: Komplexes des Schweines mit Biologischen Arzneimitteln," Biologische Tiermedizen, 1987, 4:39.

28M. Labrecque, D. Audet, L.G. Latulippe, et al., "Homeopathic Treatment of Plantar Warts," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 1992, 146(10):1749-53.

29R. Gupta, O.P. Bhardwaj, and R.K. Manchanda, "Homoeopathy in the Treatment of Warts," British Homoeopathic Journal, April, 1991, 80,2:108-11.

30W.E. Boyd, "The Action of Microdoses of Mercuric Chloride on Diastase," British Homoeopathic Journal, 1941, 31:1-28; 1942, 32:106-11.

31Mock, D., "What's Going on Here, Anyway?° A Review of Boyd's 'Biochemical and Biological Evidence of the Activity of High Potencies,'" Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy, 1969, 62:197.

32K. Linde, W.B. Jonas, D. Melchart, D., et al., "Critical Review and Meta-Analysis of Serial Agitated Dilutions in Experimental Toxicology," Human and Experimental Toxicology, 1994, 13:481-92.

33A.R. Khuda-Bukhsh, S. Banik, "Assessment of Cytogenetic Damage in X-irradiated Mice and its Alteration by Oral Administration of Potentized Homeopathic Drug, Ginseng D200," Berlin Journal of Research in Homeopathy, 1991, 1,4/5:254. Also Khuda-Bukhsh, A.R. Maity, S., "Alteration of Cytogenetic Effects by Oral Administration of Potentized Homeopathic Drug, Ruta graveolens in Mice Exposed to Sub-lethal X-radiation," Berlin Journal of Research in Homeopathy, 1991, 1, 4/5:264.

34J. Bildet, M. Guyot, F. Bonini, et al., "Demonstrating the Effects of Apis mellifica and Apium virus Dilutions on Erythema Induced by U.V. Radiation on Guinea Pigs," Berlin Journal of Research in Homeopathy, 1990, 1:28.

35P.C. Endler, W. Pongratz, G. Kastberg, et al., "The Effect of Highly Diluted Agitated Thyroxine on the Climbing Activity of Frogs," Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 1994, 36:56. Also, P.C. Endler, W. Pongratz, R. van Wijk, et al., "Transmission of Hormone Information by Non-molecular Means," FASEB Journal, 1994, 8, Abs.2313.

36J.L. Demangeat, et al., "Modifications des Temps de Relaxation RMN a 4 z des Protons du Solvant dans les Tres Hautes Dilutions Salines de Silice/lactose." Journal of Med. Nucl. Biophy, 1992, 16:35-45.

37J. Benveniste, "Further Biological Effects Induced by Ultra High Dilutions: Inhibition by a Magnetic Field," in Ultra High Dilution, P.C. Endler and J. Schulte, (eds.), Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1994, 35. Also J. Benveniste, B. Arnoux, L. Hadji, "Highly Dilute Antigen Increases Coronary Flow of Isolated Hart from Immunized Guinea-pigs," FASEB Journal, 1992, 6:Abs.1610.

38C. Doutremepuch, O. de Seze, D. Le Roy, et al., "Aspirin at Very Ultra Low Dosage in Healthy Volunteers: Effects on Bleeding Time, Platelet Aggregation and Coagulation," Haemostasis, 1990, 20:99.

39Roeland van Wijk and Fred A.C. Wiegant, Cultured Mammalian Cells in Homeopathy Research: The Similia Principle in Self-Recovery, Utrecht: University of Utrecht, 1994.

40E. Davenas, F. Beauvais, J. Amara, et al., "Human Basophil Degranulation Triggered by Very Dilute Antiserum Against IgE," Nature, June 30, 1988, 333:816-18.

41J. Maddox, "When to Believe the Unbelievable," Nature, June 30, 1988, 333:787.

42J. Maddox, J. Randi, and W. Stewart, "'High-dilution' Experiments a Delusion," Nature, July 28, 1988, 334:443-47.

43J. Benveniste, E. Davenas, B. Ducot, et al., "L'agitation de Solutions Hautement Diluees n'induit pas d'activite Biologique Specifique, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1991, 312:461.

44Reilly, et al., 1994. See note 6.

45Paolo Bellavite and Andrea Signorini, Homeopathy: A Frontier in Medical Science. Berkeley: North Atlantic, 1995.


--Paolo Bellavite and Andrea Signorini book, Homeopathy: A Frontier in Medical Science. Berkeley: North Atlantic, 1995.

--Harris L. Coulter, Homoeopathic Science and Modern Medicine: The Physics of Healing with Microdoses. Berkeley: North Atlantic, 1980.

--P.C. Endler and J. Schulte (editors), Ultra High Dilution: Physiology and Physics. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1994.

--M. Doutremepuich (ed.), Ultra-Low Doses. Washington, DC/London: Taylor and Francis, 1991.

--Gerhard Resch and Viktor Gutmann, Scientific Foundations of Homoeopathy. Munich: Bartel and Bartel, 1987.

--A.M. Scofield, "Experimental Research in Homoeopathy: A Critical Review," British Homoeopathic Journal, 73, 3-4, July-October 1984, 161-80, 211-26.

--Dana Ullman (ed.), Monograph on Homeopathic Research, volumes I and II, 1981, 1986.

--Roeland van Wijk and Fred A.C. Wiegant, Cultured Mammalian Cells in Homeopathy Research: The Similia Principle in Self-Recovery. Utrecht: University of Utrecht, 1994.

--British Homoeopathic Journal (2 Powis Place, Great Ormond St., London, WC1N 3HT, Englan



2. Scientific Research: Overview

There are literally thousands of published scientific research studies which are statistically significant in favour of homeopathy, with more papers being published all the time. Here are several hundred or so of the research papers, studies and projects that scientifically prove homeopathy works effectively and – crucially at this time – can save the NHS billions if implemented alongside conventional medicines – specifically if the abuses of the pharmaceutical companies are finally and once and for all eradicated to the true benefit of humankind.

Autumn 2014

For all the up to date information on homeopathic research and what is happening!!

Spring 2013

HRI Conference in Barcelona on homeopathic research ‘… HRI Barcelona 2013: A significant step forward for homeopathy research worldwide. HRI Conference Report Summer 2013. HRI Barcelona 2013 Conference report The Homeopathy Research Institute’s International Research Conference, ‘Cutting Edge Research in Homeopathy’, took place in Barcelona in May-June 2013. With a programme dedicated solely to high-end, robust scientific research, this was the first gathering of its kind in a decade. After 18 months of preparation and anticipation, it was a pleasure to witness the event being hailed as a resounding success by respected peers from around the world…’

18.4.13 update – non homeopathic research into ‘ultra low dilutions’ are now also proving homeopathy works! Biochem Pharmacol. 2013 Mar 26. pii: S0006-2952(13)00195-0. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2013.03.014. [Epub ahead of print] An ultra-low dose of tetrahydrocannabinol provides cardio protection. Waldman MHochhauser EFishbein MAravot DShainberg ASarne YSource:  Cardiac Research Laboratory, Felsenstein Medical Research Center, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tiqwa, Israel. Abstract: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, is a cannabinoid agonist that exerts its effects by activating at least two specific receptors (CB1 and CB2) that belong to the seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family. Both CB1 and CB2 mRNA and proteins are present in the heart. THC treatment was beneficial against hypoxia in neonatal cardiomyocytes in vitro. We also observed a neuroprotective effect of an ultra low dose of THC when applied to mice before brain insults. The present study was aimed to test and characterize the cardioprotective effects of a very low dose (0.002mg/kg) of THC which is 3-4 orders of magnitude lower than the conventional doses, administered before myocardial infarction in mice in vivo. Three regimens of THC administration were tested: single THC application 2h or 48h before the induction of infarct, or 3 weeks continuous treatment before MI. All protocols of THC administration were found to be beneficial. In the case of THC treatment 2h before MI, fractional shortening was elevated (37±4% vs. 42±1%, p<0.04), troponin T leakage to the blood was reduced (14±3ng/ml vs. 10±4ng/ml, p<0.008), infarct size decreased (29±4% vs. 23±4%, p<0.02), and the accumulation of neutrophils to the infarct area declined (36±10cells/field vs. 19±4cells/field, p<0.007) in THC- compared to vehicle-pretreated mice, 24h after MI. ERK1/2 phosphorylation following infarct was also inhibited by pre-treatment with THC (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: A single ultra low dose of THC before ischemia is a safe and effective treatment that reduces myocardial ischemic damage.

According to John Lee at Ainsworths Homeopathic Pharmacy, the ‘ultra low dilution’ described above works out as follows:
‘… As a very rough guide. If we take a trituration tablet 100mg. A 2x  trit would contain 1mg of THC. A 3x trit 0.1mg. An average mouse weighs  20g makes a dose of 0.002  x 20/1000= 0.00004mg. Therefore making a few assumptions that would be equiv to a dose of around 6x-7x potency…’

2013 update – new Indian research journal issued monthly to keep ahead of the huge number of research papers now being published on homeopathy – see

2012 update – there are now so many different organisations pouring out statistically significant research in favour of homeopathy with multiple up to date scientific research sites and organisations now availble, that it is better to direct interested readers towards more professional sources for this information. So I will continue to list these all below, rather than continually update my own compilation lists of scientific research, which I will of course leave up on my web site entire. – just type in search terms homeopath/homeopathy/homeopathic – as research papers will be shown under each category

Homeopathy Today is America’s number one homeopathic magazine which regularly presents new research into homeopathy. See their website

Marcus Zulian Teixeira New Homeopathic Medicines – see what is happening in Brazil Various section at this portal will give you one spot information regarding research in homeopathy. The sections are formulated from “Basics about Research” to peer reviewed published “Research studies“, “Review articles“, “Research methodologies, “Archives“, “Updates” and many more. Besides this, you may also visit Events,JournalsGuestbookNew proposals, etc.

Contribution of world health organization in the global acceptance of Ayurveda (and Homeopathy). Chaudhary A, Singh N. Department of Rasa Shastra, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2011 Oct;2(4):179-86.

Cardiff Metropolitan University CAMSTRAND The Complementary and Alternative Medicine Strategy for Research and Development (CAMSTRAND) conference is held annually. Its focus is on current CAM research, and its future direction. Held in Bristol in 2010, and Southampton in 2011, Cardiff Metropolitan University will host it in 2012.

Homeopathic Family Medicine: Evidence Based Nano-pharmaocology.  Dana Ullman, MPH.   This ebook is loved by both homeopaths and advocates for homeopathy because it provides one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date reviews of the 200+ clinical trials on homeopathy, each listed under the disease that was treated.

New Directions in Homeopathic Research. Edited by Drs. Claudia Witt and Henning Albrecht.

Homeopathy and Good Science: How New Science Validates Homeopathy. Peter Adams.

The International Journal of High Dilution Research Proceedings of the XXV GIRI Symposium 05 November 2010, Monaco. Vol 10, No 35 (2011)

On 17 May 2011, the Homeopathy Research Institute (HRI) hosted a reception at the House of Commons to promote scientific research in homeopathy. Sponsored by David Tredinnick MP, this unprecedented event was attended by over 150 guests including academics, scientists, peers and members of Parliament, as well as representatives from across the homeopathic industry and NHS healthcare providers.

Elsevier Homeopathy Journal – A valuable resource for those in traditional medicine as well as complementary practitioners, Homeopathy publishes peer-reviewed articles that will appeal to a multi-disciplinary audience. Homeopathy is an international journal aimed at improving the understanding and clinical practice of homeopathy by publishing high quality articles.

ECHAMP European research into Homeopathy and so much more

The Society of Homeopaths research page lists of clinical trials into homeopathy.

The Carstens Foundation in Germany have created a database designed as a search tool for people interested in responsible information on complementary and alternative medicine called CAM QUEST.

NHS Evidence – complementary and alternative medicine, formerly a Specialist Library of the National Library for Health.

The International Institute of Homeopathic Research Agra India – In order to make research in the field of homeopathy more potent, an international research centre in collaboration with six European countries was inaugurated in February 2010, with homeopaths from all over the World.

List of 120+ studies in support of homeopathy medicine published in 40+ peer-reviewed international journals


Accidental intakes of remedies from complementary and alternative medicine in children-analysis of data from the Swiss Toxicological Information Centre. Zuzak TJ, Rauber-Lüthy C, Simões-Wüst AP. Department of Pediatric Oncology and Haematology, University Children’s Hospital Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45147, Essen, Germany. Eur J Pediatr. 2009 Oct 13

Homeopathy in emergency medicine Oberbaum M, Singer SR, Friehs H, Frass M. Center for Integrative Complementary Medicine, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2005 Nov;155(21-22):491-7

Homeopathic treatment in emergency medicine: a case series Oberbaum M, Schreiber R, Rosenthal C, Itzchaki M. The Center of Integrated Complementary Medicine Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2003 Jan;92(1):44-7


Undergraduate homeopathy education in Europe and the influence of accreditation. Viksveen P, Steinsbekk A. Lindeveien 55, 4314 Sandnes, Norway.Homeopathy. 2011 Oct;100(4):253-8.

Review of the use of high potencies in basic research on homeopathy. Clausen J, van Wijk R, Albrecht H. Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Am Deimelsberg 36, 45276 Essen, Germany. Homeopathy. 2011 Oct;100(4):288-92.

Elements of effective communication-Rediscoveries from homeopathy. Hartog CS. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Friedrich Schiller University, Erlanger Allee 101, D-07747 Jena, Germany. Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Apr 14.

The World Summit of Harmonization on Traditional, Alternative and Complementary Medicine (TACM) in Lima, Peru. Gonzales GF, Aguilar J, Villar M. Faculty of Sciences and Philosophy, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, PO Box 4314, Lima 100, Peru. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008 Jun 23.

How complementary and alternative medicine practitioners use PubMed Willinsky J, Quint-Rapoport M. Department of Language and Literacy Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. J Med Internet Res. 2007 Jun 29;9(2):e19

The regulatory framework for complementary and alternative medicines in Europe Knöss W, Stolte F, Reh K. Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte, Bonn, BRD, Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2008 Jul 4

Complementary medicine: equity issues in evaluation and policy-making Marian F. Institute for Complementary Medicine KIKOM, University of Bern, Switzerland. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Forsch Komplement Med (2006). 2007 Dec;14 Suppl 2:2-9. Epub 2008 Jan 7

Electronic health records in complementary and alternative medicine Smith K, Kalra D.BridgeForward Software, Venture House, 2 Arlington Square, Downshire Way, Bracknell RG12 1WA, UK Int J Med Inform. 2008 Jan 30

AIDS/HIV continue reading:

ANIMAL STUDIES continue reading:

CANCER STUDIES continue reading:


[Amino acid exchange in paeci lomycosis-complicated echinococcosis]. [Article in Russian]Streliaeva AV, Akhmedov IuM, Gasparian ÉR, Lazareva NB, Samylina IA, Chebyshev NV, Polzikov VV, Prokina ES, Kurilov DV, Zuev SS, Shcheglova TA, Gabchenko AK, Sadykov VM. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2011 Oct-Dec;(4):19-23.

Cardioprotective effect of tincture of Crataegus on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats Jayalakshmi R, Niranjali Devaraj S. Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India J Pharm Pharmacol. 2004 Jul;56(7):921-6

Homeopathy in cardiac arrhythmia L Hutsol, M Hutsol, I Tsymbal Vinnitsa National Medical University, Vinnitsa Clinical Town Hospital, Vinnitsa, Ukraine

CASE STUDIES continue reading:


Low-grade inflammation in chronic diseases: An integrative pathophysiology anticipated by homeopathy? Adler UC. Homeopathy Graduation Program, Faculdade de Medicina de Jundiaí, Av. Francisco Telles, 250, Jundiai, 13202-550 São Paulo, Brazil. Med Hypotheses. 2011 Jan 28.

How healthy are chronically ill patients after eight years of homeopathic treatment? Results from a long term observational study. Claudia Witt, Rainer Ludtke, Nils Mengler, Stefan N Willich. BMC Public Health 2008 8:413. Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Ecomonics, Charite University Medical Centre, Berlin.

COST EFFECTIVENESS continue reading:


Media coverage of homeopathy over the past few years has tended to concentrate on the very negative position taken by sceptics, while the possible benefits of homeopathy are ignored. This has resulted in coverage that has been rather one sided, inaccurate and at times hysterical. A perfect example is Dr David Shaw’s opinion piece ‘Unethical aspects of homeopathic dentistry’ (Br Dent J 2010; 209: 493–496) which falls far short of providing a basis for balanced intellectual discussion. The authors are therefore grateful to the BDJ for the opportunity to outline the case for integrating homeopathy in dental practice.

Pulpa dentis D30 for acute reversible pulpitis: A prospective cohort study in routine dental practice. Hamre HJ, Mittag I, Glockmann A, Kiene H, Tröger W. Altern Ther Health Med. 2011 Jan-Feb;17(1):16-21. Institute for Applied Epistemology and Medical Methodology, Freiburg, Germany. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.

Homeopathic treatment of dental neuralgia by Arnica and Hypericum. Albertini H, Goldberg W, Sanguy B, Toulza CL. Journal of the American Institute of Homeopathy, 1985, 3, 126-129

Homeopathic treatment of minor aphthous ulcer: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Mousavi F, Mojaver YN, Asadzadeh M, Mirzazadeh M. Department of Oral Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Dental School, Tehran, Iran. Homeopathy. 2009 Jul;98(3):137-41

Outcomes from homeopathic prescribing in dental practice: a prospective, research-targeted, pilot study R.T. Mathie, and S. Farrer Faculty of Homeopathy and British Homeopathic Association, Hahnemann House, 29 Park Street West, Luton LU1 3BE, UK Homeopathy Volume 96, Issue 2, April 2007, Pages 74-81

Dentistry and homeopathy: an overview Bhat SS, Sargod SS, George D. Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College Hospital, Nithyananda Nagar, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India Dent Update. 2005 Oct;32(8):486-8, 491

Comparative study of homeopathic remedies clinical efficacy in comprehensive treatment of inflammatory periodontal diseases in patients with burdened allergic status Grudianov AI, Bezrukova IV, Aleksandrovskaia IIu. Stomatologiia (Mosk). 2006;85(2):25-8

DERMATOLOGY continue reading:


Observational study of homeopathic and conventional therapies in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. Pomposelli R, Piasere V, Andreoni C, Costini G, Tonini E, Spalluzzi A, Rossi D, Quarenghi C, Zanolin ME, Bellavite P. Belladonna Medical Association, Milan, Italy. Homeopathy. 2009 Jan;98(1):17-25.

Use of complementary and alternative medicine in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus – prevalence, patterns of use, and costs Dannemann K, Hecker W, Haberland H, Herbst A, Galler A, Schäfer T, Brähler E, Kiess W, Kapellen TM. Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany Pediatr Diabetes. 2008 Mar 5

Scope and limitation of homeopathy in diabetes mellitus SK Patra Diabetes Research Centre, Bhubaneswar, India

EFFECTIVENESS continue reading:

EAR NOSE AND THROAT continue reading:


Management of distress during climacteric years by homeopathic therapy. Nayak C, Singh V, Singh K, Singh H, Gupta J, Lamba CD, Sharma A, Sharma B, Indira B, Bhuvaneshwari S, Bindra SK, Luxmi KS. 1 Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) , New Delhi, India. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Nov;17(11):1037-42.

Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in School Children In Delhi – Post lodization Scenario An epidemiological survey conducted under the first phase of EMR project on “Effects of Homeopathic treatment on natural history of autoimmune thyroiditis”. V.K. Chauhan1, R.K. Manchanda 2, Archan a Narang1, R.K. Marwaha 3, Saurav Arora1, Latika Nagpal1

1. Dr. B. R. Sur Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, New Delhi, 2. Directorate of ISM&H, Delhi, 3. Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences, Timarpur, Delhi. Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy Vol. 3, No. 3, July-September 2009

New diagnostic and therapeutic approach to thyroid-associated orbitopathy based on applied kinesiology and homeopathic therapy Moncayo R, Moncayo H, Ulmer H, Kainz H. Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.J Altern Complement Med. 2004 Aug;10(4):643-50


An initial report on the efficacy of a millesimal potency Arsenicum Album LM 0/3 in ameliorating arsenic toxicity in humans living in a high-risk arsenic village. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, Karmakar SR, Banerjee P, Pathak S, Guha B, Haque S, Das D, De A, Das D, Boujedaini N. Department of Zoology, Laboratory of Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, India; E-mail: Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript., Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2011 Jun;9(6):596-604.

Can administration of potentized homeopathic remedy, Arsenicum album, alter antinuclear antibody (ANA) titre in people living in high-risk arsenic contaminated areas? I. A correlation with certain hematological parameters. Belon P, Banerjee P, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Biswas SJ, et al. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006 Mar; 3 (1):99-107

A Follow-up Study on the Efficacy of the Homeopathic Remedy Arsenicum Album in Volunteers Living in High Risk Arsenic Contaminated Areas. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Roy-Karmakar S, Banerjee A, Banerjee P, Pathak S, Biswas SJ, Haque S, Das D, Boujedaini N, Belon P. Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, Susanta Roy-Karmakar, Jhargram Raj Government College, Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India. Surjyo Jyoti Biswas, Midnapore College, Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Aug 24

Sociocultural aspects of arsenicosis in Bangladesh: community perspective Ahmad SA, Sayed MH, Khan MH, Karim MN, Haque MA, Bhuiyan MS, Rahman MS, Faruquee MH. Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, NIPSOM, Dhaka, Bangladesh. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2007 Oct;42(12):1945-58

Aspergillus niger as a new allergic agent associated with bindis and its efficacy against homeopathic drugs Shrivastava JN, Kumar A, Bhatnagar VP. Microbiology Lab, Dept. of Botany, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Deemed University, Dayalbagh, Agra- 282005, India J Environ Biol. 2006 Oct;27(4):705-7

Homeopathic remedy for arsenic toxicity?: Evidence-based findings from a randomized placebo-controlled double blind human trial Belon P, Banerjee A, Karmakar SR, Biswas SJ, Choudhury SC, Banerjee P, Das JK, Pathak S, Guha B, Paul S, Bhattacharjee N, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Boiron Lab, 20 rue de la Liberation, Sainte-Foy-Los-Lyon, France Sci Total Environ. 2007 Oct 1;384(1-3):141-50. Epub 2007 Jul 12

Can homeopathic arsenic remedy combat arsenic poisoning in humans exposed to groundwater arsenic contamination?: a preliminary report on first human trialKhuda-Bukhsh AR, Pathak S, Guha B, Karmakar SR, Das JK, Banerjee P, Biswas SJ, Mukherjee P, Bhattacharjee N, Choudhury SC, Banerjee A, Bhadra S, Mallick P, Chakrabarti J, Mandal B. Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, West Bengal, India. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2005 Dec;2(4):537-48. Epub 2005 Oct 19

EPIDEMICS continue reading:


Review on efficacy and health services research studies of complementary and alternative medicine in inflammatory bowel disease. Joos S. Department of General Practice and Health Services Research, University Medical Hospital Heidelberg, Voßstrasse 2, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany, Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. J Integr Med. 2011 Jun;17(6):403-9. Epub 2011 Jun 10.

Regional variations in the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) for inflammatory bowel disease patients in Italy: An IG-IBD study. Bertomoro P, Renna S, Cottone M, Riegler G, Bossa F, Giglio L, Pastorelli L, Papi C, Castiglione F, Angelucci E, Pica R, Di Paolo MC, D’Incà R. Department of Surgical and Gastroenterological Sciences, Gastroenterology Section, University of Padua, Italy. J Crohns Colitis. 2010 Sep;4(3):291-300. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

Homeopathic Treatment of Anal Fissures using Nitricum acidum. Bignamini M, Saruggia M, Sansonetti G.  Berlin Journal on Research in Homoeopathy, 1, 4/5, 286-287, December 1991.

Homeopathy for postoperative ileus? A meta-analysis. Barnes J, Resch KL, Ernst E. Department of Complementary Medicine, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom. J Clin Gastroenterol. 1997 Dec;25(4):628-33.

Characteristics of immune homeostasis in patients with cholelithiasis complicated by hepatitis and cholangitis Dronov OI, Simkin MK. Lik Sprava. 2006 Jul-Sep;(5-6):52-5


Homeopathic Treatment of Human Papilloma Virus infections previously treated by Other Methods. Gimeno L.Q. British Homeopathic Journal, October 1996, 85, 194-197.

Evaluation of 2LHERP in preventing recurrences of genital herpes. Institut International 3IDI Jenaer M, Henry MF, Garcia A, Marichal B. Institut International 3IDI, Paris, France Br Homeopath J. 2000 Oct;89(4):174-7


The benefits of homeopathy and anthroposophic medicine for healthy ageingECHAMPS March 2011 by Erik Baars University of Applied Sciences, Leiden and Louis BolkInstitut, Driebergen, Netherlands

Homeopathic treatment of elderly patients – a prospective observational study with follow-up over a two year period. Teut M, Ludtke R, Schnabel K, Willich SN, Witt CM. BMC Geriatr. 2010 Feb 22;10(1):10.


Homeopathic medicines substantially reduce the need for clotting factor concentrates in haemophilia patients: results of a blinded placebo controlled cross over trial. Kundu T, Shaikh A, Kutty A, Nalvade A, Kulkarni S, Kulkarni R, Ghosh K. Haemophilia Care Centre:Nashik Chapter, Niramay Nursing Home, Adwait Colony, Canada Corner, Sharanpur Road, Nashik 422-005, India. Homeopathy. 2012 Jan;101(1):38-43.

Can Homeopathy Bring Additional Benefits to Thalassemic Patients on Hydroxyurea Therapy? Encouraging Results of a Preliminary Study Antara Banerjee1, Sudipa Basu Chakrabarty2, Susanta Roy Karmakar1, Amit Chakrabarty2, Surjyo Jyoti Biswas1, Saiful Haque1, Debarsi Das1, Saili Paul1, Biswapati Mandal3, Boujedaini Naoual4, Philippe Belon4 and Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh1 1Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741 235, 2 Institute of Genetic Engineering, 30 Thakurhat Road, Badu, Kolkata-700 128, 3Directorate of Research, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani, West Bengal, India and 4Boiron Laboratory, 20 Rue de la Liberation, Sainte-Foy-Les-Lyon, France eCAM Advance Access published October 29, 2007


Homeopathy in the Unified National Health System in Brazil: users’ representations of homeopathic treatment de Andrade Monteiro D, Bernstein Iriart JA. Instituto de Saode Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brasil. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.

The origin, diffusion and development of healing doctrines in medical history–exemplified by homeopathy Schmidt JM. Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitet Manchen, Lessingstrasse 2, D-80336 Manchen. Sudhoffs Arch. 2007;91(1):38-72

On the interplay between evidence and theory: Dr. Hahnemann’s homeopathic medicine Mosini V.Universite di Roma “La Sapienza” Physis Riv Int Stor Sci. 2005;42(2):521-44

Similia Similibus Curentur: revisiting historical aspects of homeopathy nine years later Corroa AD, Siqueira-Batista R, Quintas LE, Siqueira-Batista R. Centro Federal de Educao Tecnologica de Qua­mica de Nilapolis, RJ, Rua Lucio Tavares, 1045, Centro 26530-060 Nilapolis, RJ, Brasil. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos. 2006 Jan-Mar;13(1):13-31


Expectations and effectiveness of medical treatment and classical homeopathic treatment for patients with hypersensitivity illnesses-One year prospective study Launsø L, Henningsen I, Rieper J, Brender H, Sandø F, Hvenegaard A. National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM), University of Tromsø, Norway Homeopathy. 2007 Oct;96(4):233-42

An exploratory retrospective study of people suffering from hypersensitivity illnesses who attend medical or classical homeopathic treatment Launsø L, Kimby CK, Henningsen I, Fønnebø V. The National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM) University of Tromsø, 9037 Tromsø, Norway. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2006 Apr;95(2):73-80


CAM use among older adults age 65 or older with hypertension in the United States: general use and disease treatment Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1063, USA. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Nov;12(9):903-9


Evidence of the principle of similitude in modern fatal iatrogenic events Teixeira MZ. Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2006 Oct;95(4):229-36


Chronic primary insomnia: Efficacy of homeopathic simillimum. Naudé DF, Stephanie Couchman IM, Maharaj A. Department of Homeopathy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, P.O. Box 1334, Durban 4000, South Africa. Homeopathy. 2010 Jan;99(1):63-68.

The homeopathic preparation Neurexan vs. valerian for the treatment of insomnia: an observational study Waldschütz R, Klein P. Hadwigstrasse 24, D – 78224 Singen, Germany ScientificWorldJournal. 2008 Apr 20;8:411-20


Adjunctive homeopathic treatment in patients with severe sepsis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in an intensive care unit. Frass M, Linkesch M, Banyai S, Resch G, Dielacher C, Löbl T, Endler C, Haidvogl M, Muchitsch I, Schuster E. Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Homeopathy, Graz, Austria. Homeopathy. 2011 Jan-Apr;100(1-2):95-100.

Homeopathic practice in Intensive Care Units: objective semiology, symptom selection and a series of sepsis cases. Teixeira MZ, Leal SM, Ceschin VM. Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2008 Oct;97(4):206-13.

Homeopathic practice in Intensive Care Units: objective semiology, symptom selection and a series of sepsis cases. M.Z. Teixeira1, S.M. Leal and V.M.F.A. Ceschin. 1Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy, Volume 97, Issue 4, October 2008, Pages 206-213

Adjunctive homeopathic treatment in patients with severe sepsis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in an intensive care unit Frass M, Linkesch M, Banyai S, Resch G, Dielacher C, Löbl T, Endler C, Haidvogl M, Muchitsch I, Schuster E. Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Homeopathy, Graz, Austria. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2005 Apr;94(2):75-80


MALARIA continue reading:


META ANALYSES continue reading:


Adverse drug reactions to anthroposophic and homeopathic solutions for injection: a systematic evaluation of German pharmacovigilance databases. Jong MC, Jong MU, Baars EW. Department Healthcare and Nutrition, Louis Bolk Institute, Driebergen, The Netherlands; Department Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 Jun 13. doi: 10.1002/pds.3298.

NEUROLOGY continue reading:


Changes in chronic low back pain and cardiovascular risk factors using a homeopathic human chorionic gonadotropin-based weight loss program: a case report. Morningstar MW, Strauchman MN. Chiropractor, Private Practice of Chiropractic Medicine, Natural Wellness and Pain Relief Centers of Michigan, Grand Blanc, MI 48439. J Chiropr Med. 2011 Dec;10(4):322-326.


Midwives’ support for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: A literature review. Hall HG, McKenna LG, Griffiths DL. Monash University, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Peninsula Campus, McMahons Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia.Women Birth. 2011 Jan 12.

Applicability of Homeopathic Caulophyllum thalictroides during labour. Eid P, Felisi E, Sideri M; British Homeopathic Journal, October, 1993, 82, 245-248.

Homeopathic Medicines in Pregnancy and Labor, Dorfman P, Lassere NM, Tetau M, Cahiers de Biotherapie, 94, April 1987, 77-81.

Treatment of pain due to unwanted lactation with a homeopathic preparation given in the immediate post-partum period. Berrebi A, Parant O, Ferval F, Thene M, Ayoubi JM, Connan L, Belon P. Fédération de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Service de Pharmacie, CHU La Grave, 31052 Toulouse Cedex, France. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2001 Jun;30(4):353-7.

Use of complementary and alternative medicine in departments of obstetrics in Germany. Münstedt K, Schroter C, Brüggmann D, Tinneberg HR, von Georgi R. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Klinikstrasse 32, Giessen, Germany. Forsch Komplementmed. 2009 Apr;16(2):111-6.

Homeopathic remedies in prenatal care Brennan P. Washtenaw Community College Ann Arbor, MI, USA. J Nurse Midwifery. 1999 May-Jun;44(3):291-9

Patient admission and induced abortion. A different mode: homeopathy and sophrology Tregan D, Cailleux-Kreitmann J, Nègre-Garnier C. Soins Gynecol Obstet Pueric Pediatr. 1994 Mar;(154):37-9

The effect of the homeopathic remedies Arnica montana and Bellis perennis on mild postpartum bleeding a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study preliminary results Oberbaum M, Galoyan N, Lerner-Geva L, Singer SR, Grisaru S, Shashar D, Samueloff A. The Center for Integrative Complementary Medicine, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem 91031, Israel. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Complement Ther Med. 2005 Jun;13(2):87-90


Homeopathy in Cuban epidemic neuropathy: an open clinical trial Cairo J, Elliot BE, Barnouin J, Fleites P, Araoz A, Morales M, Verdura T, Sanchez M, Serrano C, Alvarez JL, Veillard JJ. Instituto Finlay, Avenida 27, La Lisa, Ciudad Habana, Cuba. Br Homeopath J. 2001 Jul;90(3):154-7


Efficacy of Arnica montana D4 for Healing of Wounds after Hallux valgus Surgery compared to Diclofenac. Karow JH, Abt HP, Fröhling M, Ackermann H. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jan-Feb;14(1):17-25.

The Efficacy of homeopathy in the treatment of chronic low back pain compared to standardized physiotherapy. Gmnunder R, Kissling R. Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete, 2002 Sep-Oct;140, 5, 503-8.

Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic low back pain: A prospective observational study with 2 years’ follow-up. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Baur R, Willich SN. Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany. Clin J Pain. 2009 May;25(4):334-9

Homeopathic arnica therapy in patients receiving knee surgery: results of three randomised double-blind trials Brinkhaus B, Wilkens JM, Ladtke R, Hunger J, Witt CM, Willich SN.Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany Complement Ther Med. 2006 Dec;14(4):237-46. Epub 2006 Oct 13

PAEDIATRICS continue reading:


Real-life effect of classical homeopathy in the treatment of allergies: A multicenter prospective observational study. Gründling C, Schimetta W, Frass M. General and Homeopathic Medical Practice, Enns, Austria, Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2011 Dec 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Organ-specificity of placebo effects on blood pressure. Meissner K, Ziep D. Institute of Medical Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany; Institute of General Practice, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany. Auton Neurosci. 2011 Jul 12.

Controlled randomised Double Blind study for the Comparison of the Treatment of Patients with Essential Hypertension with Homeopathic and Pharmacologically Effective Drugs. Hitzenberger G, Kom A, Dorsci M, Bauer P, Wohlzogen FX. Weiner Klinische Wochenschrift (Klinische Wochenschrift), 1982, 94, 24, 665-670.

Complementary Treatment of Varicose Veins. Ernst E, Saradeth T, Resch KL, Phebology, 1990, 5, 157-163

Hypertension Trial. Campistranous- Lavout JL., et al. Boletin Mexicano, 1999, 32, 42- 47.

Zinc: Immunoglobin Relationship in Patients with Cirrhosis of the Liver Before and After treatment with Zincum metallicum 5C. Baduluci S, Chirulescu Z, Chirila P, Rosca A.  International Research Group on Very Low Dose and High Dilution Effects, 1993 Giri Meeting, British Homeopathic Journal, April, 1994, 83, 84-100.

A randomised, controlled, triple-blind trial of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. Weatherley-Jones E, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, Parry GJ, McKendrick MW, Green ST, Stanley PJ, Lynch SP. Medical Care Research Unit, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK J Psychosom Res. 2004 Feb;56(2):189-97


PLANT STUDIES continue reading:


Homeopathic Treatment of Burn Scars. Harrison RE, Burge TS, et al. British Homeopathic Journal, October 1993, 82, 252-254

Cosmetic Mesotherapy: Between Scientific Evidence, Science Fiction, and Lucrative Business. Atiyeh BS, Ibrahim AE, Dibo SA. Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2008 Jul 29.

Effect of Homeopathic Arnica montana on Bruising in Face-lifts Results of a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial Brook M. Seeley, MD; Andrew B. Denton, MD; Min S. Ahn, MD; Corey S. Maas, MD Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8:54-59.

Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in face-lifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, Maas CS. Connecticut Facial Plastic Surgery, Farmington, Conn, USA Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006 Jan-Feb;8(1):54-9


Homeopathic aggravation with Quinquagintamillesimal potencies. Rossi E, Bartoli P, Bianchi A, Endrizzi C, Da Frè M. Source Homeopathic Clinic, Local Health Unit n. 2 Lucca, Tuscany Regional Reference Centre, Italy. Homeopathy. 2012 Apr;101(2):112-20.

An ambitious undertaking to attempt the revision of the entire standard of drug action, involving the re-proving by the finest scientific tests of almost the whole pharmacopeia New York Homeopathic College 1904

Hahnemann’s experiments with 50 millesimal potencies: a further review of his casebooks Adler UC, Adler MS. Homeopathy Postgraduation Program, Jundia School of Medicine, Av. Moema, 170. Cj 52., 04077-020 SÃn Paulo, SP, Brazil.

A homeopathic proving of Galphimia glauca. Teut M, Dahler J, Schnegg C; Wilsede Study Group for Homoeopathic Provings. Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany. Forsch Komplementmed. 2008 Aug;15(4):211-7. Epub 2008 Aug 15.

Homeopathic pathogenetic trials of Acidum malicum and Acidum ascorbicum Fisher P, Dantas F. Academic Department, Royal London Homoeopathic Hospital, UK. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Br Homeopath J. 2001 Jul;90(3):118-25

A double-blind, randomized, homeopathic pathogenetic trial with healthy persons: comparing two high potencies Mallinger H, Schneider R, Laffel M, Walach H. Health Center Sokrates, Gattingen, Switzerland Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Oct;11(5):274-80

Can homeopaths detect homeopathic medicines? A pilot study for a randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled investigation of the proving hypothesis Vickers A, McCarney R, Fisher P, van Haselen R. Academic Unit, Royal London Homoeopathic Hospital, London, UK Br Homeopath J. 2001 Jul;90(3):126-30

Homeopathic proving symptoms: result of a local, non-local, or placebo process? A blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study Walach H, Sherr J, Schneider R, Shabi R, Bond A, Rieberer G. Department of Evaluation Research in Complementary Medicine, Samueli Institute European Office, Institute for Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2004 Oct;93(4):179-85

PSYCHIATRY continue reading:

PUBLIC AWARENESS continue reading:


Prevalence and correlates of selected alternative and complementary medicine in adult renal transplant patients. Hess S, De Geest S, Halter K, Dickenmann M, Denhaerynck K. Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Clin Transplant. 2008 Sep 11.

The berberis story: Berberis vulgaris in therapeutics Arayne MS, Sultana N, Bahadur SS. Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2007 Jan;20(1):83-92

Homeopathic concepts and diagnosis in the management of chronic renal failure P Pareek Pareek Homeopathic Clinic, Moti Katra, Agra, India


RESEARCH MODELS continue reading:

RESPIRATORY continue reading:

RHEUMATOLOGY continue reading:


Alternative, complementary, energy-based medicine for spinal cord injury Johnston L; Paralyzed Veterans of America’s Education Foundation Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2005;93:155-8


Adjunctive care with nutritional, herbal, and homeopathic complementary and alternative medicine modalities in stroke treatment and rehabilitation Bell IR. Department of Family and Community Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona, USA. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2007 Jul-Aug;14(4):30-9


[Homeopathic prophylaxis of urinary tract infections in patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction.] [Article in German] Pannek J, Jus MC, Jus MS. Source: Neuro-Urologie, Schweizer Paraplegiker-Zentrum, Guido A. Zäch-Straße 1, CH-6207, Nottwil, Schweiz, Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.. Urologe A. 2012 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Evidence based clinical study to assess the usefulness of homeopathic medicines in patients of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Girish Gupta. Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy in December 2010.

Individualised Homeopathic Therapy for Male Infertility, Gerhard I, Wallis E. Homeopathy, 2002, 91, 133-144.

Individualized homeopathic therapy for male infertility I Gerhard and E Wallis
Outpatient Clinic for Complementary Medicine, Department for Gynecological Endocrinology and Reproduction, Gynecological Hospital, University of Heidelberg, Voßstr. 9, D-69115, Heidelberg, Germany Homeopathy Volume 91, Issue 3, July 2002, Pages 133-144


Efficacy of Arnica in varicose vein surgery: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study Wolf M, Tamaschke C, Mayer W, Heger M. Praxis für Homöopathie, Berlin-Karow, Deutschland. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2003 Oct;10(5):242-7

WATER (MEMORY) continue reading:



3. Luc Montagnier Foundation Proves Homeopathy Works


With thanks to the Luc Montagnier Foundation June 2009:

Abstract A novel property of DNA is described: the capacity of some bacterial DNA sequences to induce electromagnetic waves at high aqueous dilutions.

It appears to be a resonance phenomenon triggered by the ambient electromagnetic background of very low frequency waves.

The genomic DNA of most pathogenic bacteria contains sequences which are able to generate such signals.

This opens the way to the development of highly sensitive detection system for chronic bacterial infections in human and animal diseases.

Read Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize Winner, Takes Homeopathy Seriously

Read More about Luc Montagnier’s work at the new research Institute at Jiaotong University in Shanghai

Read about more about scientific research into homeopathy

In a recent paper, Nobel Prize winner, Luc Montagnier, and his team report the results of a series of rigorous experiments investigating the electromagnetic (EM) properties of highly diluted biological samples.

They found that pathogenic bacteria and viruses show a distinct EM signature at dilutions ranging from 10-5 to 10-12 (corresponding to ~3CH to 6CH homeopathic dilutions) and that small DNA fragments (responsible for pathogenicity) were solely accountable for the EM signal.

The EM signature changed with dilution levels but was unaffected by the initial concentration and remained even after the remaining DNA fragments were destroyed by chemical agents.

They observed that the EM signal was destroyed by heating or freezing the sample. Also, a ‘cross-talk’ effect was found whereby a negative sample inhibits the positive signal in another sample if they are left together overnight in a shielded container. It was also noted that the samples needed be ‘vortexed’ (a process akin to succussion) for the EM effects to be present. They propose that specific aqueous nano-structures form in the samples during the dilution process and are responsible for the EM effects measured.

With this initial paper Luc Montagnier and his team have started a very promising line of enquiry, which has direct relevance to homeopathy as they continue to investigate the characteristic physico-chemical properties found in high-dilutions of biological material.

Reference: “Electromagnetic Signals Are Produced by Aqueous NanostructuresDerived from Bacterial DNA Sequence s”  Luc Montagnier, Jamal Aissa, Stéphane Ferris, Jean-Luc Montagnier, Claude Lavallee, Interdiscip Sci Comput Life Sci (2009) 1: 81-90

Luc Montagnier

Luc Antoine Montagnier (born 18 August 1932 in Chabris, Indre) is a French virologist and joint recipient with Françoise Barre Sinoussi and Harald zur Hausen of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for his discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

See also

Read about more research on other topics


4. Scientific Research: Animal Studies - There are more than 90 homeopathic trials on animals

Read about more scientific research into homeopathy

[The agent Latrodectus and canine paecilomycotic eclampsia as a laboratory model in the survey of treatment for mycoses and parasitic diseases]. [Article in Russian] [No authors listed]Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2012 Apr-Jun;(2):36-9.

[Procedure for Latrodectus reproduction in the laboratory setting and the preparation of the first Russian matrix from its venom to manufacture homeopathic remedies with antiparasitic activity]. [Article in Russian] [No authors listed]Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2012 Apr-Jun;(2):40-5.

Testing homeopathy in mouse emotional response models: pooled data analysis of two series of studies. Bellavite P, Conforti A, Marzotto M, Magnani P, Cristofoletti M, Olioso D, Zanolin ME. Source Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona, 37134 Verona, Italy. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:954374. Epub 2012 Apr 4.

Development of broiler chickens after treatment with thymulin 5cH: a zoo technical approach. Sato C, Listar VG, Bonamin LV. Centro de Pesquisa, Universidade Paulista, Rua Dr Bacelar, 1212. 4° andar, 04026-002 São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2012 Jan;101(1):68-73.

Effects of Ignatia amara in mouse behavioural models. Marzotto M, Conforti A, Magnani P, Zanolin ME, Bellavite P. Department of Pathology and Diagnostics, University of Verona (I), Italy. Homeopathy. 2012 Jan;101(1):57-67.

Clinical resolution of nasal aspergillosis following therapy with a homeopathic remedy in a dog. Epstein S, Hardy R. Wilmington Animal Hospital, Wilmington, DE.J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2011 Nov;47(6):e110-5.

Circadian aspects of hyperthermia in mice induced by Aconitum napellus. de la Peña SS, Sothern RB, López FS, Lujambio IM, Waizel-Bucay J, Sánchez CO, Monroy CP, Betancourt ET. Chronomics Research Center at Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación (SEPI)-Escuela Nacional de Medicina y Homeopatía (ENMyH), Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN). Pharmacogn Mag. 2011 Jul;7(27):234-42.

Effect of Traumeel S on Cytokine Profile in a Cecal Ligation and Puncture (CLP) Sepsis Model in Rats. Oberbaum M, Spira RM, Lukasiewicz E, Armon Y, Samuels N, Singer SR, Barak V, Izbicki G, Einav S, Hersch M. 1 The Center for Integrative Complementary Medicine, Shaare Zedek Medical Center , Jerusalem, Israel. J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Oct 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Different forms of administration of biotherapy 7dH in mice experimentally infected by Trypanosoma cruzi produce different effects. Ferraz FN, Simoni GK, do Nascimento A, de Melo CS, Aleixo DL, Gomes ML, Spack M, de Araújo SM. Basic Health Science Department, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.Homeopathy. 2011 Oct;100(4):237-43.

Homeopathic and integrative treatment for feline hyperthyroidism – four cases (2006-2010). Chapman SF.The Animal Medical Center of Watkins Park, PO Box 426, Cheltenham, MD 20623, USA.Homeopathy. 2011 Oct;100(4):270-4.

Modulation of arthritis in rats by Toxicodendron pubescens and its homeopathic dilutions. Patil CR, Rambhade AD, Jadhav RB, Patil KR, Dubey VK, Sonara BM, Toshniwal SS. R. C. Patel Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Karvand Naka, Shirpur 425 405, Dhule, Maharashtra, India. Homeopathy. 2011 Jul;100(3):131-7.

Anxiolytic and antidepressive effects of the homeopathic complex Homeo-pax® (pre-clinical study) Aline Ferreira Vaz 1, Raiza Marques Vieira Campos 1, Kélem Costa dos Santos 1, Benedito Junior Medeiros 1, Ezequiel Paulo Viriato 2, Fabio Ferreira Perazzo 3, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho1 (1) Federal University of Amapá, Amapá, Brazil. (2) Faculty of Pharmacy “Osvaldo Cruz”, São Paulo, Brazil. (3) Federal University of São Paulo, Diadema, Brazil. Int J High Dilution Res 2011; 10(34):04-14.

Inflammatory Process Modulation by Homeopathic Arnica montana 6CH: The Role of Individual Variation. Kawakami AP, Sato C, Cardoso TN, Bonamin LV. Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Biology, Research Center of University Paulista, Avenue José Maria Whitaker, 290, 04057-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:917541. Epub 2011 Jan 19.

Effectiveness of the Homeopathic Preparation Zeel Compared with Carprofen in Dogs with Osteoarthritis. Neumann S, Stolt P, Braun G, Hellmann K, Reinhart E. Clinic for Small Animals, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, University of Goettingen, Germany. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2010 Dec 16.

The problem of dose in homeopathy: evaluation of the effect of high dilutions of Arsenicum album 30cH on rats intoxicated with arsenic. Olney Leite Fontes1, Fátima Cristiane Lopes Goularte Farhat2, Amarilys Toledo Cesar1, Marilisa Guimarães Lara3, Maria Imaculada Lima Montebelo1, Gabriela Cristina Gomes Rodrigues1, Marco Vinícius Chaud1.(1) Methodist University of Piracicaba, (2) Medical School of Jundiaí (3) Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto – USP. The International Journal of High Dilution Research. 2010; 9(33):128-137

Efficiency of tick biotherapic on the control of infestation by Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in Dutch dairy cows. Zilda Cristiani Gazim1, Fabiana Borges Padilha Ferreira1, Aristeu Vieira da Silva2, Kelly Cristina Bolognese1, Ewerton Merlin1, Valdeci Messa1, Renan Almeida de Jesus3, Cesar Alberto Coutinho3, Luiz Cláudio Monteiro da Silva4 (1) University Paranaense – UNIPAR, Umuarana, PR, Brazil; (2) State University of Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil; (3) Nutriphós Company- Nutrição Animal, Brazil; (4)Veterinarian, Brazil. The International Journal of High Dilution Research. 2010; 9(33):156-164

Homeopathic prescribing for chronic conditions in feline and canine veterinary practice. Mathie RT, Baitson ES, Hansen L, Elliott MF, Hoare J. British Homeopathic Association, Hahnemann House, 29 Park Street West, Luton LU1 3BE, UK. Homeopathy. 2010 Oct;99(4):243-8.

Efficiency of sulphur in garlic extract and non-sulphur homeopathy in the control of the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Costa-Júnior LM, Furlong J. Curso de Zootecnia, Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Chapadinha, Maranhão, Brazil. Med Vet Entomol. 2010 Sep 6.

Efficacy of homeopathic and antibiotic treatment strategies in cases of mild and moderate bovine clinical mastitis. Werner C, Sobiraj A, Sundrum A. Department of Animal Nutrition and Animal Health, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1a, D-37213 Witzenhausen, Germany. J Dairy Res. 2010 Sep 8:1-8.

Database on veterinary clinical research in homeopathy. Clausen J, Albrecht H. Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Am Deimelsberg 36, 45276 Essen, Germany. Homeopathy. 2010 Jul;99(3):189-191.

Chelidonium majus 30C and 200C in induced hepato-toxicity in rats. Banerjee A, Pathak S, Biswas SJ, Roy-Karmakar S, Boujedaini N, Belon P, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Department of Zoology, Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, West Bengal, India. Homeopathy. 2010 Jul;99(3):167-176.

Homeopathy as replacement to antibiotics in the case of Escherichia coli diarrhoea in neonatal piglets. Camerlink I, Ellinger L, Bakker EJ, Lantinga EA (2010). Homeopathy, 99; 57–62.

Homeopathic drugs Natrum sulphuricum and Carcinosin prevent azo dye-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice. Nandini Bhattacharjee, Pathikrit Banerjee and Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhshh. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics’, Vol-46, August 2009, PP. 307-318.

A randomized controlled trial to compare the use of homeopathy and internal Teat Sealers for the prevention of mastitis in organically farmed dairy cows during the dry period and 100 days post-calving. Klocke P, Ivemeyer S, Butler G, Maeschli A, Heil F. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland. Homeopathy. 2010 Apr;99(2):90-8.

Canova medication modifies parasitological parameters in mice infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Pupulin AR, Marques-Araujo S, Toledo MJ, Gomes ML, Takejima E, Cuman RK, Bersani-Amado CA. Laboratory of Parasitology, Department of Clinical Analysis, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, State University of Maringá-PR, Brazil. Exp Parasitol. 2010 Apr 27.

Dose-effect study of Gelsemium sempervirens in high dilutions on anxiety-related responses in mice. Magnani P, Conforti A, Zanolin E, Marzotto M, Bellavite P. Dipartimento di Patologia, Università di Verona, Strada Le Grazie, 37134, Verona, Italy. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2010 Apr 20.

Homeopathic prescribing for chronic conditions in equine veterinary practice in the UK. R T Mathie; E S Baitson; L Hansen; M F Elliott; J Hoare. The Veterinary Record Volume:  166, February 2010.

Homeopathy as replacement to antibiotics in the case of Escherichia Coli diarrhoea in neonatal pigs, Camerlink I, Ellinger L, Bakker EJ and Lantinga EA (2010) Homeopathy, Vol.99 (57-62)

Mice as a model for homeopathy research. Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India. Homeopathy. 2009 Oct;98(4):267-79.

The rat in basic therapeutic research in homeopathy. van Wijk R, Clausen J, Albrecht H. Faculty of Biology, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584CH Utrecht, The Netherlands. Homeopathy. 2009 Oct;98(4):280-6.

Assays of homeopathic remedies in rodent behavioural and psychopathological models. Bellavite P, Magnani P, Marzotto M, Conforti A. Department of Morphological Biomedical Sciences, University of Verona, Italy. Homeopathy. 2009 Oct;98(4):208-27.

Amelioration of carcinogen induced toxicity in mice by administration of a potentized homeopathic drug, natrum sulphuricum 200. Nandini Bhattacharjee, Surajit Pathak, Anisur Rahman Khun Bukhsh. Cytogenetics and Molucular Biology Laboratory, The Department of Zoology, The University of Kalyani, India. Advances Access Publications Ecam 2009: 6(1) 65-75.

Homeopathic Doses of Gelsemium sempervirens Improve the Behavior of Mice in Response to Novel Environments. Bellavite P, Magnani P, Zanolin E, Conforti A. Dipartimento di Scienze Morfologico-Biomediche, Università di Verona, Piazza L.A. Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Sep 14

Homeopathy proves successful in tackling feather pecking (Farmers Weekly) 7/09/2009

Effect of Mercurius solubilis on the bacteriological response in the alveolitis process in rats. de Araújo FR, de Castro CM, Severo MS, Diniz Mde F, Viana MT, Evêncio LB. Federal University of Pernambuco, Microbiology Division, Laboratory of Immunopathology Keizo-Asami, UFPE, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2009 Jul;98(3):160-4

Investigating lung remodeling in Modul8((R))-treated BALB/c asthmatic animals. Oberholzer HM, Pretorius E. Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa. Micron. 2009 Jul 23

Modulation of Signal Proteins: A Plausible Mechanism to Explain How a Potentized Drug Secale Cor 30C Diluted beyond Avogadro’s Limit Combats Skin Papilloma in Mice. Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Bhattacharyya SS, Paul S, Dutta S, Boujedaini N, Belon P. Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Jul 16

Effects of a homeopathic complex in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) on performance, sexual proportion and histology. Valentim-Zabott M, Vargas L, Ribeiro RP, Piau R Jr, Torres MB, Rönnau M, Souza JC. Animal Parasitology, Universidade Federal do Paraná – Campus Palotina, PR, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2008 Oct;97(4):190-5.

A randomized controlled trial of homeopathic treatment of weaned piglets in a commercial swine herd. Soto FR, Vuaden ER, Coelho C, Benites NR, Bonamin LV, de Azevedo SS. Zoonoses and Sanitary Surveillance, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2008 Oct;97(4):202-5.

Isopathic versus enantiomeric inhibition of U-50488 HCl toxicity–experimental studies. Kuzeff RM, Topashka-Ancheva M, Metcheva R. National Institute of Integrative Medicine, Melbourne, Australia. Homeopathy. 2009 Apr;98(2):83-7

Homeopathic treatment for bone regeneration: experimental study. Almeida JD, Arisawa EA, Balducci I, da Rocha RF, Carvalho YR. Department of Bioscience and Oral Diagnosis, São Paulo State University-UNESP, São José dos Campos Dental School, São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2009 Apr;98(2):92-6

Evidences of Protective Potentials of Microdoses of Ultra-high Diluted Arsenic Trioxide in Mice Receiving Repeated Injections of Arsenic Trioxide. Banerjee P, Bhattacharyya SS, Pathak S, Boujedaini N, Belon P, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, India. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Feb 25

Pilot study of the effect of individualised homeopathy on the pruritus associated with atopic dermatitis in dogs. Hill PB, Hoare J, Lau-Gillard P, Rybnicek J, Mathie RT. Division of Companion Animal Studies, Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, North Somerset BS40 5DU. Vet Rec. 2009 Mar 21;164(12):364-70.

A randomized controlled trial of homeopathic treatment of weaned piglets in a commercial swine herd. F.R.M. Soto1, E.R. Vuaden2, C.dP. Coelho3, N.R. Benites4, L.V. Bonamin5 and S.S. de Azevedo6. 1Veterinarian, Ph.D., University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 2Homeopathic Veterinarian, M. Cassab – Animal Nutrition, São Paulo, Brazil. 3Homeopathic Veterinarian, Master, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 4Homeopathic Veterinarian, Ph.D., University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 5Homeopathic Veterinarian, Ph.D., Paulista University, São Paulo, Brazil. 6Veterinarian, Ph.D., University of Campina Grande, Patos, Paraíba, Brazil. Homeopathy, Volume 97, Issue 4, October 2008, Pages 202-205

Effects of a homeopathic complex in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) on performance, sexual proportion and histology. M. Valentim-Zabott1, L. Vargas2, R.P.R. Ribeiro2, R. Piau Jr.3, M.B.A. Torres1, M. Rönnau1 and J.C. Souza1. 1Universidade Federal do Paraná – Campus Palotina, PR, Brazil. 2Department of Animal Science, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, PR, Brazil. 3Universidade Paranaense, Umuarama – PR, Brazil. Homeopathy, Volume 97, Issue 4, October 2008, Pages 190-195

Morphine Experiments at the New York Homeopathic Hospital 1894

The Mortality of Tadpoles in Ultra Solutions. Vladimir Vondracek Zeitschrift fur die Gesamte Experimentelle Medizin. 66 pp. 533-538. 1929.

Metal Salt Solutions on the Development and Growth of Tadpoles. Karl Konig  Zeitschrift fur die Gesamte Experimentalle Medizin, 34, pp. 279-306. 1927.

Amelioration of Carcinogen-Induced Toxicity in Mice by Administration of a Potentized Homeopathic Drug, Natrum Sulphuricum 200. Bhattacharjee N, Pathak S, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, India. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2007 Jun 19

Evaluating Complementary Therapies for Canine Osteoarthritis Part II: A Homeopathic Combination Preparation (Zeel(R)). Hielm-Björkman A, Tulamo RM, Salonen H, Raekallio M. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, PO Box 57, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2007 Oct 29.

An animal model for the study of Chamomilla in stress and depression: pilot study. Pinto SA, Bohland E, Coelho Cde P, Morgulis MS, Bonamin LV. Faculty of Health Sciences, Brazilian Institute for Homeopathic Studies (FACIS-IBEHE), São Paulo, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2008 Jul;97(3):141-4.

Effect of homeopathic medicines on helminth parasitism and resistance of Haemonchus contortus infected sheep. Zacharias F, Guimarães JE, Araújo RR, Almeida MA, Ayres MC, Bavia ME, Mendonça-Lima FW. Empresa Baiana de Desenvolvimento Agrícola S/A, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Homeopathy. 2008 Jul;97(3):145-51

Effect of Homeopathic Treatment on Gene Expression in Copenhagen Rat Tumor Tissues Integrative Cancer Therapies, Vol. 5, No. 4, 350-355 (2006)

Comparative efficacy of two microdoses of a potentized homeopathic drug, arsenicum album, to ameliorate toxicity induced by repeated sublethal injections of arsenic trioxide in mice Banerjee P, Bhattacharyya SS, Pathak S, Naoual B, Belon P, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, India Pathobiology. 2008;75(3):156-70

Treatment of highland frogs from the two-legged stage with homeopathically prepared thyroxin Lingg G, Endler PC, Frass M, Lothaller H. Interuniversity College for Health and Development Graz/Castle of Seggau, Austria ScientificWorldJournal. 2008 Apr 20;8:446-50

Effects of homeopathy in mice experimentally infected with Trypanosoma cruzi de Almeida LR, Campos MC, Herrera HM, Bonamin LV, da Fonseca AH. Department of Animal Parasitology, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil Homeopathy. 2008 Apr;97(2):65-9

Gene expression profiling of macrophages following mice treatment with an immunomodulator medication de Oliveira CC, de Oliveira SM, Goes VM, Probst CM, Krieger MA, Buchi DD.Departamento de Biologia Celular, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), SCB, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil J Cell Biochem. 2008 Feb 19

Pretreatment with thyroxin 10-8 and the effect of homeopathically prepared thyroxin 10-30 on highland frogs – a multi-researcher study Welles SU, Endler PC, Scherer-Pongratz W, Suanjak-Traidl E, Weber S, Spranger H, Frass M, Lothaller H. Interuniversity College Graz, Castle of Seggau, Graz, Austria. Forsch Komplement Med (2006). 2007 Dec;14(6):353-7. Epub 2007 Dec 12

The effect of homeopathically prepared thyroxine on highland frogs: influence of electromagnetic fields S. Weber, P.C. Endler1, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, S.U. Welles1, E. Suanjak-Traidl1, W. Scherer-Pongratz1, M. Frass1, H. Spranger1, G. Peithner2 and H. Lothaller3 1Interuniversity College Graz/Castle of Seggau, Austria 2Peithner Inc., Vienna, Austria 3University of Graz, Austria Homeopathy Volume 97, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 3-9

Anthelmintic efficacy of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and the homeopathic product Fator Vermes((R)) in Morada Nova sheep Chagas AC, Vieira LS, Freitas AR, Arajo MR, Arajo-Filho JA, Araguo WR, Navarro AM.Embrapa Pecuria Sudeste, Rod. Washington Luiz, Km 234, Caixa Postal 339, 13560-970 So Carlos, So Paulo, Brazil Vet Parasitol. 2007 Oct 10

Treatment of lowland frogs from the spawn stage with homeopathically prepared thyroxin (10(-30)) Graunke H, Endler PC, Scherer-Pongratz W, Spranger H, Frass M, Lothaller H.Interuniversity College for Health and Development, Graz, Castle of Seggau, Austria ScientificWorldJournal. 2007 Oct 22;7:1697-702

Karen Nieber, a professor of pharmacology at the University of Leipzig, merely wanted to prove that homeopathy doesn’t work. She put a rat’s intestine in a fluid culture medium and used organic threads to fix it to a sensor so that she could measure any shortening of the intestine caused by cramps. Then she added a stimulant (atropine) to the fluid culture medium to produce severe cramps in the rat’s intestine. The intestine shrank and the scales showed a strong traction. When she then added belladonna X 90 to the culture medium, the intestine relaxed and the scales showed less traction. This proved that homeopathy is effective in the absence of any material substances – and in 2003 she won the Hans Heinrich Reckeweg award

ON THE ISOLATED RAT DUODENUM A Pharmacological Study of High Dilution Effect A. CRISTEA, S. NICULA, V. DARIE Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Protection of Mice from Tularemia Infection with Ultra-Low, Serial Agitated Dilutions Prepared from Francisella tularensis-Infected Tissue WAYNE B. JONAS Department of Family Medicine Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 35–52, 2000

Reduction of alcohol induced sleep time in albino mice by potentized Nux vomica prepared with 90% ethanol Sukul A, Sinhabau SP, Sukul NC. Department of Zoology, Visva Bharati University, West Bengal, India Br Homeopath J. 1999 Apr;88(2):58-61

Altered solution structure of alcoholic medium of potentized Nux vomica underlies its antialcoholic effect Sukul A, Sarkar P, Sinhababu SP, Sukul NC. Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India Br Homeopath J. 2000 Apr;89(2):73-7

An evaluation of Coffea cruda effect on rats Ruiz-Vega G, Prez-Ordaz L, Proa-Flores P, Aguilar-D­az Y. Instituto de F­sica y Matemticas, Universidad Michoacana, Morelia, Michoacn, Mexico Br Homeopath J. 2000 Jul;89(3):122-6

Nux vomica 30 prepared with and without succession shows antialcoholic effect on toads and distinctive molecular association Sukul NC, De A, Dutta R, Sukul A, Sinhababu SP. Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Br Homeopath J. 2001 Apr;90(2):79-85

Very high dilutions of dexamethasone inhibit its pharmacological effects in vivo Bonamin LV, Martinho KS, Nina AL, Caviglia F, Do Rio RG. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Santo Amaro, So Paulo, Brazil. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Br Homeopath J. 2001 Oct;90(4):198-203

Homeopathic prophylaxis in dairy cows on an organic farm part 1–fertility Fidelak Ch, Klocke P, Heuwieser W. Tierklinik Fortpflanzung, Freie Universit Berlin. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2007 Jul;114(7):268-74

Atrial Paroxysmal Tachycardia in Dogs and its Management with Homeopathic Digitalis-two case reports Varshney JP, Chaudhuri S.Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243 122, India Homeopathy. 2007 Oct;96(4):270-2

Outcomes from homeopathic prescribing in veterinary practice: a prospective, research-targeted, pilot study Faculty of Homeopathy and British Homeopathic Association, Hahnemann House, 29 Park Street West, Luton LU1 3BE, UK Homeopathy R.T. Mathie, L. Hansena, M.F. Elliotta and J. Hoarea Volume 96, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 27-34

Effect of a Homeopathic complex on oestrus induction and hormonal profile in anoestrus cows Division of Animal Reproduction, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Utter Pradesh, India Homeopathy Volume 95, Issue 3, July 2006, Pages 131-135

MASTITIS IN DANISH ORGANIC DAIRYING Mette Vaarst Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 50, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark.

Clinical management of idiopathic epilepsy in dogs with homeopathic Belladonna 200C: a case series J.P. Varshney Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India Homeopathy Volume 96, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 46-48

Homeopathic treatment for infertility in a prize Nelore bull J. Lobreiro Millenium Farm, Maracaju, MS, Brazil Homeopathy Volume 96, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 49-51

Reduction in the number of infective Trichinella spiralis larvae in mice by use of homeopathic drugs Sukul NC, Ghosh S, Sinhababu SP. Department of Zoology, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2005 Aug;12(4):202-5. Epub 2005 Aug 29

Wound healing by homeopathic silica dilutions in mice Oberbaum M, Markovits R, Weisman Z, Kalinkevits A, Bentwich Z. Ruth Ben-Ari Institute of Clinical Immunology, Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot Harefuah. 1992 Aug;123(3-4):79-82, 156

Stimulation of bovine sperm mitochondrial activity by homeopathic dilutions of monensin Aziz DM, Enbergs H. Department of Surgery and Obstetrics, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2005 Oct;94(4):229-32

Clinical management of babesiosis in dogs with homeopathic Crotalus horridus 200C Chaudhuri S, Varshney JP. Clinical Diagnosis laboratory, Referral Veterinary Polyclinic, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243122 UP, India. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2007 Apr;96(2):90-4

Rat models of acute inflammation: a randomized controlled study on the effects of homeopathic remedies Conforti A, Bellavite P, Bertani S, Chiarotti F, Menniti-Ippolito F, Raschetti R. Department of Medicine-Public Health, University of Verona, Policlinico G.B. Rossi, Piazzale L.A. Scuro, 33100 Verona, Italy. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. <Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript.; BMC Complement Altern Med. 2007 Jan 17;7:1

A potentized homeopathic drug, arsenicum album 200, can ameliorate genotoxicity induced by repeated injections of arsenic trioxide in mice Banerjee P, Biswas SJ, Belon P, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, India J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med. 2007 Sep;54(7):370-6

Effect of noise on microvascular integrity in laboratory rats Baldwin AL, Bell IR. Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2007 Jan;46(1):58-65

Improvement of Memory by Means of Ultra-Low Doses of Antibodies to S-100B Antigen Epstein OI, Pavlov IF, Shtark MB. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006 Dec;3(4):541-5

Comparative therapeutic use of Risedronate and Calcarea phosphorica–allopathy versus homeopathy–in bone repair in castrated rats Werkman C, Senra GS, da Rocha RF, Brandão AA. Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, School of Dentistry of So Jose dos Campos, So Paulo State University Braz Oral Res. 2006 Jul-Sep;20(3):196-201

Pretreatment with alcoholic extract of Crataegus oxycantha (AEC) activates mitochondrial protection during isoproterenol – induced myocardial infarction in rats Jayalakshmi R, Thirupurasundari CJ, Devaraj SN. Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai – 600 025, Tamil Nadu, India Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Nov;292(1-2):59-67. Epub 2006 May 30

Protective potentials of a potentized homeopathic drug, Lycopodium-30, in ameliorating azo dye induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice Pathak S, Kumar Das J, Jyoti Biswas S, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Department of Zoology, Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, 741235, West Bengal, India Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Apr;285(1-2):121-31. Epub 2006 Mar 15

Efficacy of the potentized homeopathic drug, Carcinosin 200, fed alone and in combination with another drug, Chelidonium 200, in amelioration of p-dimethylaminoazobenzene-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice Biswas SJ, Pathak S, Bhattacharjee N, Das JK, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India J Altern Complement Med. 2005 Oct;11(5):839-54

Comparative Efficacy of Pre-feeding, Post-feeding and Combined Pre- and Post-feeding of Two Microdoses of a Potentized Homeopathic Drug, Mercurius Solubilis, in Ameliorating Genotoxic Effects Produced by Mercuric Chloride in Mice Datta S, Biswas SJ, Khuda-Bukhsh AR. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2004 Dec;1(3):291-300. Epub 2004 Aug 18

Inhibition of propranolol hydrochloride by its enantiomer in white mice a placebo-controlled randomized study Kuzeff RM, Mecheva RP, Topashka-Ancheva MN. Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Feb;11(1):14-9

Cushing’s disease: a new approach to therapy in equine and canine patients
Elliott,-M Br-Homeopath-J. 2001 Jan; 90(1): 33-6

Histopathological and immunophenotyping studies on normal and sarcoma 180-bearing mice treated with a complex homeopathic medication Sato DY, Wal R, de Oliveira CC, Cattaneo RI, Malvezzi M, Gabardo J, Buchi Dde F. Universidade do Vale do Itaja­ Homeopathy. 2005 Jan;94(1):26-32

Effect of Atropa belladonna and Echinacea angustifolia in homeopathic dilution on experimental peritonitis Pedalino CM, Perazzo FF, Carvalho JC, Martinho KS, Massoco Cde O, Bonamin LV. Faculty of Health Sciences of So Paulo, FACIS, Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos Homeopticos, IBEHE, Rua Bartolomeu de Gusmo, 86. 04111-020 So Paulo, SP, Brazil Homeopathy. 2004 Oct;93(4):193-8

Evaluation of protective potentials of a potentized homeopathic drug, Chelidonium majus, during azo dye induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice Biswas SJ, Khuda-Bukhsh AR Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741 235, India Indian J Exp Biol. 2004 Jul;42(7):698-714

Homeopathically prepared dilution of Rana catesbeiana thyroid glands modifies its rate of metamorphosis Guedes JR, Ferreira CM, Guimares HM, Saldiva PH, Capelozzi VL. Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, University of So Paulo School of Medicine, SP, Brazil Homeopathy. 2004 Jul;93(3):132-7

Inhibition of trans-(1S,2S)-U50488 hydrochloride by its enantiomer in white mice a placebo-controlled, randomized study Kuzeff RM, Topashka-Ancheva MN, Mecheva RP. Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2004 Jun;11(3):144-9

Snake remedies and eosinophilic granuloma complex in cats Aboutboul R. Animal Veterinary Clinic, Jabotinsky 1, Tel-Aviv 63479, Israel. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Homeopathy. 2006 Jan;95(1):15-9

Comparative efficacy of homeopathic and allopathic systems of medicine in the management of clinical mastitis of Indian dairy cows Varshney JP, Naresh R. Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, India Homeopathy. 2005 Apr;94(2):81-5

FMS*Calciumfluor specifically increases mRNA levels and induces signaling via MAPK 42,44 and not FAK in differentiating rat osteoblasts Manduca P, Marchisio S, Astigiano S, Zanotti S, Galmozzi F, Palermo C, Palmieri D. Laboratorio di Genetica, Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Genova, C. Europa 26, Italy. Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie obsługi JavaScript. Cell Biol Int. 2005 Aug;29(8):629-37

A study using Sepia 200C given prophylactically postpartum to prevent anoestrus problems in the dairy cow Williamson, A. V; Mackie, W. L; Crawford, W. J; Rennie, B. Br. homoeopath. j; 80(3):149-56, jul. 1991

NON-MOLECULAR INFORMATION TRANSFER FROM THYROXINE TO FROGS by Means of Homoeopathic Preparation and Electronic Processing P.C. ENDLER1, W. PONGRATZ1, C.W. SMITH2, J. SCHULTE3, F. SENEKOWITSCH4, M. CITRO5 1Ludwig Boltzman Institut fr Homeopathie, Durerg.4, 8010 Graz, Austria 2Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Salford, 827221 Salford, UK. 3National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA 4Institute of Bioinformatics, Graz, Austria 5Research Institute Alberto Sorti (IDRAS), Turin, Italy


Canova, a Brazilian medical formulation, alters oxidative metabolism of mice macrophages de Oliveira CC, de Oliveira SM, Godoy LM, Gabardo J, Buchi Dde F. Laboratrio de Estudos de Clulas Inflamatrias e Neoplsicas, Departamento de Biologia Celular, SCB, Universidade Federal do Paran, Curitiba, PR, Brasil. J Infect. 2006 Jun;52(6):420-32. Epub 2006 Jan 4.

Homeopathy versus antibiotics in metaphylaxis of infectious diseases: a clinical study in pig fattening and its significance to consumers Albrecht H, Schatte A. Carstens Foundation, Essen, Germany Altern Ther Health Med. 1999 Sep;5(5):64-8


5. Epidemiological studies in homeopathy

Epidemiological studies in homeopathy


Epidemic refers to the rapid spread of infectious diseases among a population in a large geographical area [1]. Each epidemic is of a peculiar, uniform character common to all the individuals attacked [2]. To reverse the communicability of infectious diseases, genus epidemicus can be of great help [2]. Genus epidemicus means that the treatment protocol of an epidemic disease is designed based on the totality of the collected signs and symptoms of a large group of diseased patients in the same geographical area. As the strains of causative organisms change, there are definitely some variations in the symptomatology and therefore genus epidemicus needs to be identified each time an epidemic breaks out, which makes it more reliable to prevent the disease [3].

Hahnemann was the first to construct a complete system of epidemiology including diathetic constitutions, inheritance, predisposition, innate temperament, the moment of susceptibility and infection as well as the primary stage, latent stage, and the secondary diseases [4]. Homeopathy has a long record of success during epidemics and pandemics crisis, in old and modern times. The homeopathy axiom individualisation is not followed in the use of genus epidemicus during an epidemic [5].

Research Papers published on epidemic diseases

By the end of year 2014, there have been 19 papers published on Epidemiological studies on 7 epidemic diseases (scarlet fever, typhus fever, Cholera, Dengue, meningococcal, influenza and Leptospirosis) in 11 peer-reviewed (beyond year 1893) journals in evidence of Homeopathy including 2 Randomised Controlled Trials.

1. Samuel Hahnemann, “The Cure and prevention of scarlet fever”, Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin (Journal of Practical Medicine), 1801, Republished in Lesser Writings. B.Jain Publishing, New Delhi

Preventive use of homeopathy was first applied in 1799 during an epidemic of scarlet fever in Königslütter, Germany, when Dr. Hahnemann prescribed a single dose of Belladonna, as the remedy of the genus epidemicus to susceptible children in the town with more than 95% success rate. In this paper, he also specified how the Belladonna has to be potentised to 1/24,000,000 dilution. His recommended dose of Belladonna was 0.0416 nanograms to be repeated every 72 hrs. This is the first recorded nano dose of medicine used in treatment of any disease [6]. It was another 125 years before Gladys Henry and George Frederick developed a vaccine for scarlet fever in 1924.

2. Samuel Hahnemann, “Scarlet fever and Purpura miliaris, two different diseases”, Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin, vol. 24, part. 1, 1806

3. Samuel Hahnemann, “Observations on scarlet fever”, Allgemeine Reichanzeiger (General Reich Gazette), No. 160, Germany, 1808

4. Samuel Hahnemann, “Reply to a question about the prophylactic for scarlet fever”, Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin, vol. 27, part. 4, p. 152-156, 1808

5. Samuel Hahnemann, “Treatment of typhus & fever at present prevailing”, Allgemeine Reichanzeiger, No. 6, Jan. 1814.

6. Hufeland, Prophylactic powers of Belladonna against Scarlet Fever , The Lancet, 1829
The proper use of belladonna has, in most cases, prevented infection. Numerous observations have shown that, by the general use of belladonna, epidemics of scarlet fever have actually been arrested. In those few instances where the use of belladonna was insufficient to prevent infection, the disease has been invariably slight. The Prussian (German Empire) Government ordered the use of the prophylactic during all scarlet fever epidemics

7. Samuel Hahnemann, “Cure and prevention of Asiatic cholera”, Archiv für die homöopathische Heilkunst (Archives for the Homoeopathic Healing Art), Vol. 11, part 1, 1831.
Cuprum 30c once every week as preventive medicine

8. Samuel Hahnemann, “On the contagiousness of cholera”. British Homoeopathic Journal, Vol. 7, 1849

9. Samuel Hahnemann, “Appeal to Thinking Philanthropists Respecting the Mode of Propagation of the Asiatic Cholera”, 20 pages, 1831. Republished in British Homoeopathic Journal, Oct 1849.

He said, “On board ships – in those confined spaces, filled with mouldy watery vapours, the cholera-miasm finds a favourable element for its multiplication, and grows into an enormously increased brood of those excessively minute, invisible, living creatures, so inimical to human life, of which the contagious matter of the cholera most probably consists millions of those miasmatic animated beings, which, at first developed on the broad marshy banks or the tepid Ganges– on board these ships, I say, this concentrated aggravated miasm kills several of the crew …” [7].
It was another 59 years (1890) before Koch saw these organisms, and later on orthodox medicine gave them the name ‘germs’

10. Charles Woodhull Eaton, The Facts about Variolinum, Transactions of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, 1907
2806 patients were treated prophylactically with Variolinum 30 (a nosode) for prevention of smallpox in Iowa. Of the 547 patients definitely exposed, only 14 developed the disease. Efficacy rate of 97.5%

11. Taylor Smith A, Poliomyelitis and prophylaxis British Homoeopathic Journal, 1950
In 1950 during an epidemic of poliomyelitis, Dr Taylor Smith of Johannesburg, South Africa protected 82 people with homoeopathic Lathyrus sativus. Of the 82 so immunised, 12 came into direct contact with disease. None were infected.

12. Oscillococcinum 200c in the treatment of influenza during epidemic in France from 1984-1987, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (1989)
A DBRPCT, Oscillococcinum 200c taken twice daily for 5 days significantly increased the rate of cure within two days (n=487, 237 treated and 241 on placebo), absence of symptoms at 48 hours, relative risk estimate significantly favour homeopathy (p=0.048), no pain and no fever (p=0.048), recovery rate (headache, stiffness, articular pain, shivering reduction) at 48 hours better in homeopathy group (p=0.032)

13. Bernard Leary, Cholera 1854 Update, British Homoeopathic Journal, 1994
Sir William Wilde, the well-known allopathic doctor of Dublin, which in his work entitled “Austria and its Institutions”, wrote: “Upon comparing the report of the treatment of Cholera in the Homeopathic hospital testified to by two allopathic medical inspectors appointed by Government with that of the treatment of the same disease in the other hospitals of Vienna during the same period the epidemic of 1836, it appeared that while two-thirds of the cases treated by Dr. Fleischmann the physician of the Homeopathic hospital, recovered, two-thirds of those treated by the ordinary methods in the other hospitals died.”

14. Meningococcinum – its protective effect against meningococcal disease, Homeopathy Links, 2001 (2001)
A total of 65,826 people between the ages of 0–20 were immunised homeopathically to protect against meningococcal disease while 23,532 were not. Over a year period, 4 out of 65,826 protected homeopathically developed meningococcal infection. 20 out of 23,532 not protected developed meningococcal infection. Based on the infection rate in the unprotected group, 58 cases of infection could have been expected in the homeopathically protected group. Instead, there were only four cases of meningococcal infection. Statistical analysis showed that homeopathic immunisation offered 95% protection in the first six months and 91% protection over the year against meningococcal disease. [8]

15. Contribution of homeopathy to the control of an outbreak of dengue epidemic in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2007-8 , International Journal of High Dilution Research, 2008
In a campaign ‘Homeopathy campaign against dengue’ by Brazilian Govt, “156,000 doses of homeopathic remedy were freely distributed in April and May 2007 to asymptomatic patients and 129 doses to symptomatic patients treated in outpatient clinics, according to the notion of genus epidemicus . The remedy used was a homeopathic complex against dengue containing Phosphorus 30c, Crotalus horridus 30c and Eupatorium perfoliatum 30c. The incidence of the disease in the first three months of 2008 fell 93% by comparison to the corresponding period in 2007, whereas in the rest of the State of Rio de Janeiro there was an increase of 128%.”

16. Marino R. Eupatorium perfoliatum 30c for the Dengue Epidemics in Brazil in 2007. International Journal of High Dilution Research, 2008
In May 2001, prophylactic use of Eupatorium perfoliatum 30c single dose was given during a dengue outbreak to 40% of residents in the most highly affected neighbourhood which resulted in significant decrease in dengue incidence by 81.5% (p<0.0001) when compared with those neighbourhoods that did not receive homeopathic prophylaxis.

17. Bracho et. al. Application of 200C potency of bacteria for Leptospirosis epidemic control in Cuba 2007-8 (2010)
Conducted by the Finlay Institute, a vaccines producer in Cuba gave 2.308562 million (70% of the target population above the age of 1 year) people in Cuba given two doses (1 dose=5 drops) of 200C potency of a nosode prepared from Leptospirosis bacteria, each (7-9 days apart), for protection against Leptospirosis (fever+jaundice+ inflammation in kidney+enlargement of spleen) with 84% decrease in disease incidence and only 10 reported cases. Dramatic decrease in morbidity within two weeks and zero morbidity of hospitalised patients, non-treated (8.8 millions) area saw an increase in number of cases from 309 cases in 2007 to 376 in 2008 representing a 21% increase. The cost of homeopathic immunization =1/15th of conventional vaccine.

18. Effect of individualized homoeopathic treatment in influenza like illness, Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy (2013)
A multicenter, single blind, randomized, placebo controlled study to evaluate the effect of homoeopathic medicines in the treatment of Influenza like illness and to compare the efficacy of LM (50 millisimal) potency vis-à-vis centesimal (C) potency. In LM group (n=152), C group (n=147) or placebo (n=148) group. The study revealed the significant effect of individualized homoeopathic treatment in the patients suffering from ILI with no marked difference between LM and Centesimal groups. The medicines which were commonly prescribed were: Arsenic album, Bryonia alba, Rhus tox., Belladonna, Nux vomica, Sepia, Phosphorus, Gelsemium, Sulphur, Natrum mur. and Aconitum napellus. [9]

19. Reevaluation of the Effectiveness of Homoeoprophylaxis Against Leptospirosis in Cuba in 2007-8, Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (2014)
The results support the previous conclusions that homoeoprophylaxis can be used to effectively immunize people against targeted infectious diseases such as leptospirosis.

[1] Iman Navab, Lives saved by Homeopathy in Epidemics and Pandemics,

[2] Reshu Agarwal, Natural History of Disease and Homeopathy at different levels of Intervention,

[3] Homoeopathy- Science of Gentle Healing, Deptt. of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt, of India, 2013,

[4] Conversation with David Little,

[5] Nancy Malik, Principles of Homeopathy Explained, 2015,

[6] Nancy Malik, Recent Advances in Nanoparticle Research in Homeopathy, Homeopathy 4 Everyone, Vol.12, Issue 6, 18 June 2015,

[7] Samuel Hahnemann, “Appeal to Thinking Philanthropists Respecting the Mode of Propagation of the Asiatic Cholera”, 20 pages, 1831, Translated by R E Dudgeon, M.D. in The Lesser Writings of Samuel Hahnemann, 1851, B Jain Publishers, reproduced edition, 2002, p. 758

[8] Fran Sheffield, Homeoprophylaxis: Human Records, Studies and Trials, 2014,

[9] Homoeopathy in Flu-like Illness- Factsheet, Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy, Deptt. of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt, of India, 2015,


Research Database in Homeopathy

      summary of research and totality of evidence for homoeopathy

Evidence of homeopathy is undeniably positive and consistent. It’s a human evidence of experience, gathered from a real-world observation in a real-world setting (not in an ideal artificial laboratory test conditions) giving real-world solutions. The evidence of homeopathy (best research practices and scientific publications) should be made available to the health professionals, medical doctors, clinicians, scientists, organisations, patients and to the general public.

Upto the end of year 2010, there have been 299 studies published in 114 medical journals including 11 meta-analysis, 8 systematic reviews including 1 cochrane review (out of approximately 20 systematic reviews published), 82 RCT (70 DBRPCT + 2 SBRPCT + 5 DBRCT + 1 RPCT + 4 RCT) out of approx 225 RCT, 23 studies on research models and11 studies on 9 nosodesin evidence of homeopathy.

URL Links to 279 studies (Journal-wise) including 171 FULL TEXT papers are available as compendium at Scientific Research in Homeopathy. Among those 171, 155 are available as PDF which can be viewed at or downloaded from Google Drive.and 57 are also available at Scribd

The compendium is prepared by mining 14 online electronic databases: PubMed Central (National Library of medicine, USA),MedWorm,British library Direct (type homeopathy in search box), Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (type homeopathy in search box), Scirus,Google Scholar,HomBRex,The Allied and Complementary Medicine Database,Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, Excerpta Medica DatabaseEmbase, Science Citation Index, LilacsandCAM QUEST

Exclusion Criterion (What kind of studies are not included?)

1.Studies on Plants and Animals

2. Studies published in non-journal paper

3. Non-peer reviewed studies from year 1893 onwards

4. Statistically non-significant studies (Probability value<0.05, odds ratio >1 indicates statistical significance)

5. Studies in which combination of homeopathic medicine with any other medicine is prescribed

6. Studies in which medicine is perceived to be homeopathic but is not such as radionically prepared or different potencies of same medicine mixed together.

Fig. 1: Adhami H.R. , S.Shamloo D., Mesgarpour B., H.Tehrani S.A. “The trend of homeopathic articles indexed in pubmed and ISI” LMHI 2008

DISTRIBUTION OF STUDIES (published till 2010)
Type of ResearchNo. of studiesNo. of JournalsType of Journal
Basic Fundamental 19 19 Integrative
19 3 Homeopathy
8 6 CAM
46 28
Potentised High Dilutions 9 8 Integrative
3 1 Homeopathy
5 3 CAM
18 12
Research Models
10 6 Integrative
6 2 Homeopathy
6 4 CAM
22 12
Pathogenetic trials/Provings
2 2 Integrative
6 1 Homeopathy
1 1 CAM
9 4
Triple Blind Randomised
Placebo Controlled Trial
1 1 Integrative
Meta Analysis of DBRPCT
8 7 Integrative
1 1 Homeopathy
2 2 CAM
11 10
Double-Blind Randomised
Placebo Controlled Trials
32 29 Integrative
20 4 Homeopathy
20 9 CAM
72 42
Double-Blind Randomised
Controlled Trial (1998-2010)
1 1 Integrative
4 3 CAM
5 4  
Randomised Controlled Trial
4 4 Integrative
Double-Blind Placebo-
Controlled Trial (1996-2010)
3 3 Integrative
2 1 Homeopathy
5 4  
Double-blind Trials
1 2 Integrative
2 1 Homeopathy
3 3
Observational/Cohort Studies 34 29 Integrative
51 10 Homeopathy
14 7 CAM
99 46
Systematic reviews of RCTs
1 1 Integrative
2 2 Homeopathy
4 3 CAM
7 6
Cochrane Systematic Review 1
Review Articles
1 1 Integrative
6 2 Homeopathy
5 2 CAM
12 5  
in vitro
16 14 Integrative
6 1 Homeopathy
6 4 CAM
28 19  
Drug standardisation 2 1 CAM
1 1 Homeopathy
3 2  
Combination Remedies
35 29 Integrative
6 1 Homeopathy
12 6 CAM
53 36

The distribution of studies (till 2010) comparing homeopathy with ConMed and placebo is as follows

HomeopathyNo. of StudiesNo. of JournalsType of Journal
Superior to ConMed
7 6 Integrative
7 2 Homeopathy
4 3 CAM
18 11
Cost-effective than ConMed
3 2 Homeopathy
1 1 CAM
4 3  
Equals ConMed
8 7 Integrative
1 1 Homeopathy
3 2 CAM
12 10
Superior to Placebo


1822: World’s first homeopathy Journal (german): Dr. Johann Ernst Stapf’s Archive for the Homoeopathic Healing Art

1835: World’s first Double-Blind Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial was conducted by a homeopath Johann Jacob Reuter, The Nuremberg salt test (natrum Mur 30c vs placebo)

1860: World’s first homeopathy Journal (English): The North American Journal of Homeopathy

1881: Blood Pressure measuring instrument Sphygmo-graph was invented by a UK homeopath Robert Ellis Dudgeon

1799-1918 Lives Saved by Homeopathy during Epidemics and Pandemics

1941: Homeopathic Mustard Gas Trials


2005: Disease severity (p<0.001) and quality of life demonstrated marked and sustained improvements following homeopathic treatment in 3981 patients for 2 years


Integrative Journals (75 English, 13 German, 3 French and 1 Dutch Journal)

1. Advanced Therapies

2. Aktuelle Rheumatologie (German) meaning ‘Current Rheumatology’

3. Allergologie (German) meaning ‘Allergology’

4. Allgemeiner Reichsanzeiger (German) meaning ‘General Reich Gazette’ (earlier called as Reichsanzeiger (German) meaning ‘Reich Gazette’

5. American Journal of Therapeutics

6. Ancient Science of Life

7. Annals of Pharmacotherapy (Harvey Whitney)

8. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Wiley) (1.731, 2011)

9. Applied Health Economics & Health Policy (Adis)

10. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery (American Medical Association)

11. Archives of Otolaryngology- head & Neck Surgery (American Medical Association)

12. Arzneimittel-Forschung (German) meaning ‘Medicines Research’

13. BMC Cancer (Springer)

14. BMC Public Health (Springer)

15. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (British Pharmacological Society)(Wiley)

16. British Journal of Podiatry

17. British Medical Journal (British Medical Association)

18. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine (Springer)

19. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (National Research Council Research Press)

20. Cases Journal

21. Chest (American College of Chest Physicians)

22. Clinical & Developmental Immunology (Taylor and Francis)

23. Der Kassenarzt (German) meaning ‘The Panel Doctor’

24. Dermatology

25. Ear, Nose and Throat disorders (Bio Med Central)

26. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology (Elsevier)

27. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (Springer)

28. European Journal of Paedretics (SpringerLink)

29. Experimental Biology and Medicine

30. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing (Elsevier)

31. Fortschritte der Medizin (German) meaning ‘Advances in Medicine’ (Springer)

32. Genetics and Molecular Research

33. Ultrastructural Pathology (Informa)

34. Geriatrics

35.Hals, Nasen und Ohrenärzte (German) (SpringerLink Verlag) meaning ‘Ear, Node & Throat’

36. Histology and Histopathology

37. Human and Experimental Toxicology (Sage)

38. IETE Journal of Research (Institute of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, Govt of India)

39. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

40. Inflammation Research (Springer)

41. Innovation et technologie en biologie et médecine French) meaning ‘Innovation and Technology in Biology and Medicine’

42. Integrative cancer therapies

43. Interdisciplinary Sciences: Life Sciences (SpringerLink)

44. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (Dustri-Verlag)

45. International Journal of Clinical Practice (Wiley)

46. International Journal of Oncology (Spandidos)

47.International Review of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (Medpress)

48. Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction (French) meaning ‘Journal of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Reproductive Biology’

49. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (Elsevier)

50.Journal of Clinical Gastro-enterology (Wolters Kluwer)

51. Journal of Clinical Oncology

52. Journal of Crystal Growth (Elsevier)

53. Journal of Dermatological Treatment (Taylor & Francis)

54. Journal of Head Trauma and Rehabilitation

55. Journal of Hellenic Headache Association

56. Journal of Molecular Liquids (Elsevier)

57. Journal of Psychopharmacology (Oxford University Press)

58. Journal of Psychosomatic Research (Pergamon)

59.Journal of Solution Chemistry (Springer)

60. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (InterScience by Wiley)

61. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (Springer, 1.752, 5-year IF)

62. Lancet (UK)

63.Material Letters (Elsevier)

64. Materials Research Innovations (Maney)

65. Medical Hypothesis (Elsevier)

66. MicroVascular Research (Elsevier)

67. Nature (McMillian)

68. Non-linear Biomedical Physics (Springer)

69. Oncology Reports (Spandosis)

70. Palliative Medicine

71. Pediatrics (American Academy of Pediatrics)

72. Pediatrics International (Wiley)

73. Perspectives in Public Health (Sage)

74. Phlebology (The Royal Society of Medicine Press, UK)

75. Physica A (Elsevier)

76. Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America (Elsevier)

77. Rheumatology (Oxford University Press for British Society of Rheumatology)

78. Sleep Medicine (Elsevier)

79.Sleep and Breathing (Springer)

80. STP Pharma Sciences

81. The Clinical Journal of Pain (Williams & Wilkins)

82. The European Journal of Heart Failure (Elsevier)

83. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

84. The Science of the total Environment (Elsevier)

85. The Scientific World Journal (Hindawi)

86. Trials

87. Water

88. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (German) meaning ‘Vienna Medical Weekly’

89. Zeitschrift für Allgemein Medizin (German) meaning ‘Journal of General Medicine’

90. Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete (german) meaning ‘Journal of Orthopaedics and its border areas’

91. Zeitschrift für Praktischen Medizin (German) meaning ‘Journal of Practical Medicine’

Homeopathy Journals (7 English and 1 German, 1 French)

1. Archiv für die homöopathische Heilkunst (German) meaning Archives for the Homoeopathic Healing Art

2. Asian Journal of Homeopathy

3. Aspects of Research in Homeopathy

4.Homeopathy (Elsevier) (earlier called as The British Homoeopathic Journal)

5. Homoeopathic Links (Thieme)

6. International Journal of High Dilution Research

7. L’ Homéopathie française(The French Homeopathy)

8. The American Journal of Homoeopathic Medicine

9. The British Journal of Homeopathy

CAM Journals (10 English and 3 German Journals)

1. Alternative Medicine Review

2. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

3. Ärztezeitschrift fuer Naturheilverfahren (Germany) meaning ‘Medical Journal for Naturopathy’

4. Complementary & Alternative Medicine (Springer)

5. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

6. Complementary Therapies in Medicine (Elsevier)

7. Evidence-based Complimentary & Alternative Medicine (Hindawi)

8. Forschende Komplementarmedizin (German) meaning ‘Research in Complementary Medicine’

9. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde (German) meaning ‘Research in Complementary and Classical Natural Medicine’

10. Phytomedicine

11. Phytotherapy Research

12. Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine

13. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (Liebert)

In modern times, British Medical Journal in year 1893 was the first journal to introduce peer-review process. If you find that any of the above 114 journals is not peer-reviewed (beyond 1893), kindly inform so that it could be excluded from the database.

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